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Chapter 22-24

PSY 252 Chapter Notes - Chapter 22-24: Implicit-Association Test, Implicit Stereotype, Ableism

Course Code
PSY 252

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PSY 252: Study Questions and Notes: Module 22,23,24
.Examples of different types of prejudice:
1. Religion- In the aftermath of 9/11 and the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, Americans with a strong national
identity expressed the most disdain for Arab immigrants
2. Obesity-When seeking love and employment, overweight peopleespecially White womenface slim
prospects. In correlational studies, overweight people marry less often, gain entry to less-desirable jobs,
and make less money.
3. Sexual orientation- Many gay youthtwo-thirds of gay secondary school students in one national
British surveyhave reported experiencing homophobic bullying
4.Age-People's perceptions of the elderlyas generally kind but frail, incompetent, and unproductive
predispose patronizing behavior, such as baby talk speech that leads elderly people to feel less
competent and act less capably
5. Immigrants -A fast growing research literature documents anti-immigrant prejudice among Germans
toward Turks, the French toward North Africans, the British toward West Indians and Pakistanis, and
Americans toward Latin American immigrants
Basic definition of prejudice: A preconceived negative, judgment of a group and its individual members
Racism: Prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against someone of a different race based on the
belief that one's own race is superior.
Ageism: Prejudice or discrimination on the basis of a person's age.
Sexism: Prejudice, stereotyping, or discrimination, typically against women, on the basis of sex.
Ablism: Discrimination in favor of able-bodied people.
Heterosexism: Discrimination or prejudice against homosexuals on the assumption that heterosexuality is
the normal sexual orientation.
Old-fashioned prejudice: Blatant prejudice
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