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Chapter 22

HIST 162 Chapter Notes - Chapter 22: Corporatism, War Production Board, Franklin D. Roosevelt


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 162
Professor
Thomas M.Slopnick
Chapter
22

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Chapter 22
The Roosevelt Coalition
alignment of interest groups and voting blocs in the United States that supported
the New Deal and voted for Democratic presidential candidates from 1932 until
the late 1960s
Election of 1936
Franklin Delano Roosevelt - Democrat - 523
Alfred M. Landon - Governor of Kansas - Republican - 8
The Roosevelt Recession
Recession before WWII after Roosevelt cut funding for New Deal programs
economic recovery from the Great Depression temporarily stalled
Keynesian Economics
Government spending and lower taxes improves the economy
World War II - The Background
Munich Agreement
settlement permitting Nazi Germany's annexation of portions of Czechoslovakia
along the country's borders mainly inhabited by German speakers, for which a
new territorial designation "Sudetenland" was coined
Senate investigation of the Munitions Industries - The Nye Committee - 1934-1936
Big business pushed us in the war
The Neutrality Agreement of 1935
banned munitions exports to belligerents and restricted American travel on
belligerent ships
The Second Neutrality of 1936
banned loans to belligerents
The Third Neutrality of 1937
extended these provisions to civil wars and gave the president discretionary
authority to restrict non munitions sales to a “cashandcarry” basis
America First
Prominent politicians and businessman against the war
The United States must build an impregnable defense for America.
No foreign power, nor group of powers, can successfully attack a prepared
America.
American democracy can be preserved only by keeping out of the European war.
"Aid short of war" weakens national defense at home and threatens to involve
America in war abroad.
The Neutrality Act of 1939
banned U.S. ships from carrying goods or passengers to belligerent ports but
allowed the United States to sell munitions, although on a “cashandcarry”
basis
Cash and Carry
a system of wholesale trading whereby goods are paid for in full at the time of
purchase and taken away by the purchaser
Conscription Law - September 6, 1940
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