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Chapter 23-24

HIST 162 Chapter Notes - Chapter 23-24: Sputnik Crisis, Nikita Khrushchev, Satellite

Course Code
HIST 162
Thomas M.Slopnick

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Chapter 23
Hiroshima & Nagasaki
US B-29 bombers dropped atomic bombs on Japan
The Fair Deal
ambitious set of proposals put forward by U.S. President Harry S. Truman to
Congress in his January 1949 State of the Union address
Cold War
state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the
Western Bloc and powers in the Eastern Bloc
Containing communism
The Truman Doctrine
American foreign policy created to counter Soviet geopolitical spread during the
Cold War
The Marshall Plan
American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over
$12 billion in economic support to help rebuild Western European economies
after the end of World War II
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
military alliance of European and North American democracies founded after
World War II to strengthen international ties between member statesespecially
the United States and Europeand to serve as a counter-balance to the Soviet
Union and the Warsaw Pact
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government,
tasked with gathering, processing and analyzing national security information
from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT)
National Security Council
the President's principal forum for considering national security and foreign policy
matters with his senior national security advisors and cabinet officials
practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for
evidence. It also means "the practice of making unfair allegations or using unfair
investigative techniques, especially in order to restrict dissent or political
Election of 1948
Harry S. Truman - Democrat - 303
Thomas S. Dewey - Republican - 189
Strom Thurmond - States’ Rights - 39
Korean War - 1950
began when North Korea invaded South Korea. The United Nations, with the
United States as the principal force, came to the aid of South Korea. China, with
assistance from the Soviet Union, came to the aid of North Korea.
Chapter 24
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