PHIL 100 Chapter 12: Moving from Medieval to Modern Philosophy
Colorado State University
Richard B Mc Kita
Chapter 12: Moving from Medieval to Modern Philosophy
God Made the World for Us Skeptical Thought Revived
• Finite & Earth-centered Montaigne: revived ancient skepticism
• A stage for the drama of humanity • Montaigne “defense” of Raymond Sebond:
• Governed by final causes argues Sebond’s arguments for Christianity
• Dante are as good as any—no good at all.
o Integration: religious meaning & fact
Ptolemy: Egyptian astronomer: Earth-centered Montaigne says that _______________.
➢ … man, who could not make a mite, is
crazy, making gods by the dozen.
In the Aristotle-Ptolemy-Dante picture of the world____.
➢ … heaven is understood to be quite literally up
above us. Copernicus: Polish astronomer who devised a
system of the universe that did not put the earth in
Empyrean: A place of pure light. the center.
• For Christians, the dwelling place of God Kepler: Astronomer who first accurately set out the
and the destination of saved souls. laws governing movement of the planets, taking the
sun as the center; mathematics the key to
Virgil: Roman poet, author of The Aneid (the story
of Aneas’ journey from Troy to found the city of understanding the universe.
Rome), and Dante’s guide through hell and Galileo: the first to view the heavens through a
purgatory in his The Divine Comedy. telescope; deviser of laws of motion that apply
Celestial Spheres: revolve in immutable splendor equally to celestial and earthly bodies.
very different from Earth. New Scientific Theories:
Level of Hell is order of least to worst punishment: OLD: The universe is thought to be finite.
NEW: The universe is thought to be infinite.
Lust, Glutton, Greed, Sloth, Wrath, Envy, Pride
Beatrice: Representation of Christian love. Dante’s OLD: Celestial matter is different from terrestrial.
guide to th