Chapter 5 03/02/2014
Socialization: The lifelong process of learning to become a member of the social world, including the values
and beliefs of our culture.
Interaction: The basic building block of socialization, through which a child is shaped into a human being
and becomes a member of a society.
Social Self: The perceptions we have of who we are.
The Nature vs. Nurture debate
Which best explains the human self and human behavior—Biology or Socialization?
The Nature Argument
Sociobiology (evolutionary psychology): claims our genes “wire” us for social behavior
The Nurture Argument
Sociobiology is a reductionist theory (a theory that reduces complex social behaviors to a single
Social behaviors vary, but are not hard wired
Socialization is more important than genes
Children need human contact, affection, and interaction in order to fully develop
Evidence: Anna, Isabella, neglected orphans (In Book)
Because these children were not socialized at the proper time they experienced developmental disorders
and could not be fully integrated into society
Most activities are part of the socialization experience
Micro Level: Parents, peer groups
Meso Level: Schools, religious groups
Macro Level: National
Self: The perceptions we have of who we are, derived from our perceptions of the way others respond to us
The development of the self allows us to interact with others and function in the soc