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Textbook Notes for Huffaker

CORNELLBIOMG 1350HuffakerFall

BIOMG 1350 Chapter Notes - Chapter 22: Egg Cell, Endoderm, Ectoderm

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Starts as single cell/fertilized egg: development: divides into many different cells. Cells differ because they express different sets of genes. Select
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CORNELLBIOMG 1350HuffakerFall

BIOMG 1350 Chapter Notes - Chapter 22: Pattern Formation, Morphogen, Positive Feedback

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Studies of mutant animals identify the genes that control developmental processes. A cell makes developmental decisions long before visible change: cel
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CORNELLBIOMG 1350HuffakerFall

BIOMG 1350 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Transmembrane Protein, Signal Recognition Particle, Signal Peptidase

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Proteins are transported into organelles by three mechanisms: synthesis begins on ribosomes, sorting signal. Directs protein to organelle in which it i
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CORNELLBIOMG 1350HuffakerFall

BIOMG 1350 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4, 17: Atp Hydrolysis, Motor Protein, Spindle Apparatus

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Atp hydrolysis allows motor proteins to produce directed movements in cells: conformational changes also allow specialized proteins to drive cell movem
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CORNELLBIOMG 1350HuffakerFall

BIOMG 1350 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2, 4: Protein Subunit, Hydrogen Bond, Alpha And Beta Carbon

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Chapter 2: chemical components of cells: small molecules in cells. A cell is formed from carbon compounds: nearly all the molecules in cell are based o
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CORNELLBIOMG 1350HuffakerFall

BIOMG 1350 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Hydrolysis, Phosphodiester Bond, Base Pair

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Portions of dna sequence are transcribed into dna: transcription. Copy the nucleotide sequence of a gene into rna: rna. Stretches of nucleotides can ba
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CORNELLBIOMG 1350HuffakerFall

BIOMG 1350 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2, 5: Adenosine Triphosphate, Phosphodiester Bond, Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate

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CORNELLBIOMG 1350HuffakerFall

BIOMG 1350 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3, 4: Chief Operating Officer, Lysozyme, Carboxypeptidase

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The acceleration of the specific chemical reactions needed to sustain life: chemical reactions proceed in the direction that causes a loss of free ener
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CORNELLBIOMG 1350HuffakerFall

BIOMG 1350 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5,8 : Cytosine, Heterochromatin, Histone Deacetylase

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Changes in nucleosome structure allow access to dna: chromatin-remodeling complexes. Protein machines that use the energy of atp hydrolysis to change t
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CORNELLBIOMG 1350HuffakerFall

BIOMG 1350 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Gene Expression, Transcriptional Regulation, Multicellular Organism

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Gene expression: how cells selectively direct the synthesis of proteins and rnas. Differentiation: cells make and accumulate different sets of rna and
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CORNELLBIOMG 1350HuffakerFall

BIOMG 1350 Chapter Notes - Chapter 16: Blood Vessel, Hydrolysis, Guanylyl Cyclase

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Signal transduction: process of converting different types of stimuli, signaling cell produces extracellular signal molecule target cell, target cells.
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CORNELLBIOMG 1350HuffakerFall

BIOMG 1350 Chapter Notes - Chapter 11: Beta Barrel, Glycocalyx, Actin

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Plasma membrane: protein-studded, fatty film, separates and protects chemical components of cell from outside, two-ply sheet of lipid molecules (5 nm t
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