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Chapter 1

PSY 111 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Facial Muscles, Egocentrism

Course Code
PSY 111
douglas chute

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Chapter 1: Expressing Emotions
I. Detecting Emotion in Others
A. Many of us can read nonverbal cues well. Also, we can detect non verbal threats.
1. For example: in a crowd, angry faces will appear more visible and faster
than happy ones.
B. Experience can sensitize us to particular emotions.
1. For example: physically abused children are quick to spot signals of anger
compared to other kids.
C. Hard to control facial muscles may reveal emotions you may not want shown.
1. Example : lifting the inner part of the eyebrows can display stress or
2. Example 2: Eyebrows raised and pulled together can signal fear.
3. Example 3: a fake smile is often frozen in place for several seconds , then
suddenly switched off. The type of smile we give photographers.
a) Genuine smiles last a bit briefer and fade less abruptly.
D. Despite the brain’s emotion-detecting skill, one can find it hard to detect
deceiving expressions.
E. Some of us are more sensitive than others to physical cues to different emotions.
F. Introverts tend to excel at reading others’ emotions. Extroverts are easier to read.
G. Gestures, facial expressions, and voice tones, show important information.
1. Example: sometimes it's hard for someone to understand what we really
mean in a text and can think of it as something else. Without vocals that
signal whether a statement is serious, playful, or sarcastic, it can lead one
in danger of egocentrism
It means failing to show how others interpret
ones just kidding message.
II. Gender, Emotion, and Nonverbal Behavior
A. Females have superior intuition than men. The female advantage occurs during
early in development.
1. Womens nonverbal sensitivity helps show their emotional literacy.
2. Men tend to describe simpler emotional reactions.
B. Women have a skill at decoding others emotions, which may also contribute to
having a higher emotional responsiveness.
C. The image of womens emotionality can also give people the idea that Shes
emotional. Hes having a bad day.
1. Many factors can influence these attributions that womens emotionality is
to their disposition and mens to their circumstances. For instance,
cultural norms and gender differences in descriptions of emotional
D. Empathy allows one to identify with others and walk in their shoes.
1. Example: Fiction readers tend to lose themselves in the lives of their
favorite book characters.
E. Women express empathy more and are more likely to express it.
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