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Chapter 36

PSY 111 Chapter Notes - Chapter 36: Sexual Orientation, Libido, Fetus


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 111
Professor
Megan L Meyer
Chapter
36

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Chapter 36: Sexual Orientation
I. Sexual Orientation
To motivate is to energize and direct behavior.
Sexual orientation: encountering sexual attraction toward members of one’s own sex
(homosexual), the other sex (heterosexual), or both sexes (bisexual)
A. Sexual Orientation: The Numbers
1. People in less tolerant places are more likely to hide their sexuality.
a) About three percent of california men show same-sex preference
on Facebook as well as about one percent in Mississippi.
2. Fewer than one percent of people reported being activity bisexual.
3. In lab experiments, a few self-identified bisexual men show a homosexual
arousal pattern when showed male eortic images.
4. Some individuals struggle with their sexual attractions, especially during
adolescence and if were rejected by their parents or rejected by their
peers.
5. The lack of social support will lower self-esteem and high anxiety levels
and depression.
6. Today’s psychologists state that sexual orientation is not willfully chosen
nor willfully changed.
7. Women’s sexual orientation sometimes can be less strongly felt and
potentially more fluid and changing. Heterosexual women show more
bisexual attraction than do men.
8. In men, their sex drive is high when it is associated with an increase
attraction to women or men.
B. Origins of Sexual Orientation
1. Sexual orientation is someone you do not choose and cannot be
changed.
2. Homosexuals are no more likely than heterosexuals to have been
smothered with maternal love or father neglection.
a) Example: in a national survey once, they have found that those
with same-sex attractions were more likely to report having
underwent child sexual abuse. However, 86% of the men and 75%
of the woman who are attracted to the same sex have reported no
such abuse.
3. What other factors can affect same-sex attraction?
a) Peer network attitudes predict a teen’s sexual attitudes and
behavior, but they don’t predict same-sex attractions.
4. Same-Sex Attraction in Other Species
a) There were/are studies that observe same-sex attraction in
several hundred species, like grizzlies, gorillas, monkeys, and
owls.
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