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Textbook Notes for Biology at Duke University


DUKEBIOLOGY 201LalisonhillSpring

BIOLOGY 201L Chapter Notes - Chapter 14: Nadh Dehydrogenase, Atp Synthase, Oxidative Phosphorylation

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Chapter 14 - energy generation in mitochondria and. Need a membrane, depends on electron-transport process that drives transport of protons across inne
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DUKEBIOLOGY 201LalisonhillSpring

BIOLOGY 201L Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Membrane Transport Protein, Protein Folding, Luminescence

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Proteins are the main building blocks from which cells are assembled; constitute most of cell"s dry mass. Provide cell shape and structure; executes ce
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DUKEBIOLOGY 201LalisonhillSpring

BIOLOGY 201L Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Dihydroxyacetone Phosphate, Acetyl-Coa, Oxidative Phosphorylation

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Chapter 13 - how cells obtain energy from food. Cell respiration - sugar broken down and oxidized to co2 and h2o. Animal cells make atp in 2 ways: ener
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DUKEBIOLOGY 201LalisonhillSpring

BIOLOGY 201L Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis, Hybridization Probe, Southern Blot

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Recombinant dna tech has been used to detect mutations in human genes that are responsible for inherited disorders; used to produce pharmaceuticals (in
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DUKEBIOLOGY 201LalisonhillSpring

BIOLOGY 201L Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Dna Replication, Semiconservative Replication, Okazaki Fragments

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Chapter 6 - dna replication, repair, and recombination. Mutations can be unnoticeable, can benefit, or harm the organism. Dna can duplicate at 1000 nuc
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DUKEBIOLOGY 201LalisonhillSpring

BIOLOGY 201L Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Phosphodiester Bond, Bond Energy, Unified Atomic Mass Unit

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Life based on carbon compounds and depends on reactions in aqueous solutions. Life dominated by polymeric molecules - chains of chemical subunits. Life
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DUKEBIOLOGY 201LalisonhillSpring

BIOLOGY 201L Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Lac Operon, Lac Repressor, Regulatory Sequence

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Cell differentiation is achieved by changes in gene expression. Gene expression is a complex process by which cells selectively direct the synthesis of
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DUKEBIOLOGY 201LalisonhillSpring

BIOLOGY 201L Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Polynucleotide, Genetic Code, Karyotype

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1940s - discovered from studies in fungi that genetic info consists mostly of instructions for building proteins. Chromosomes discovered in 19th centur
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DUKEBIOLOGY 201LalisonhillSpring

BIOLOGY 201L Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Polysaccharide, Lysosome, Zebrafish

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Chapter 1 - cells: the fundamental units of. Bacterial cell is few micrometers in length (25 times smaller than width of human hair). Chemical requirem
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DUKEBIOLOGY 201LalisonhillSpring

BIOLOGY 201L Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Carbon Fixation, Activation Energy, Hydrolysis

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Metabolic pathways - linear reaction pathways where product of one reaction is starting material for the next reaction. Metabolism - total of all chemi
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DUKEBIOLOGY 201LalisonhillSpring

BIOLOGY 201L Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Tata Box, Gene Expression, Ribosome

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Chapter 7 - from dna to protein: how cells read the. Genes can be transcribed and rna can be translated at different rates, giving cell a way to make b
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DUKEBIOLOGY 201LalisonhillSpring

BIOLOGY 201L Chapter Notes - Chapter 18: Spindle Apparatus, G1 Phase, Sister Chromatids

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