Sociological Perspective Notes
Psychology doesn’t explain where strong emotions come from because psychology
only studies the individual. Sociology studies the environment.
Autism is becoming more and more apparent.
Genetics influence autism, age of parents, etc.
Increased testing of autism and expansion of symptoms.
Some schools don’t have resources specifically for autistic kids. There is a
social stigma against autistic people.
Romantic Love and Marriage
Why do people fall in love? Chemical reactions. We ourselves like to be
loved. It is what is expected from society.
The nobility created the romantic sense of love.
Some say love is about money and status, or even economic stability.
Romantic love was received by the Taliban as a western invention, and it was
Love is not necessary for marital happiness
Why did the 2 men do it
Affected by the outside world and close relatives and friends.
Close access to guns and weapons
Media is not covering other smaller shootings (or even of the same size)
because most of them take place in the ghetto
Media tries to act like black people do not exist
Gender Socialization- Majority of people who kill are men. Society is the one
who is making the difference (raising the children in a set standard)
Extremely violent acts committed against a group of people due to religious
or political differences.
Social media is brainwashing us into believing certain things about terrorism.
Terrorism is about control, power, land, or politics
The weather underground and the KKK were terrorist groups stationed in
The study of human social life, groups, and societies focusing on the modern
Society Group of people sharing culture and territory.
We are afraid of change
Patterns in peoples’ social behavior. Predictable.
The ability of humans to shape the world.
Suicide is not only caused by severe depression but society and groups also
We are shaping our world, and our world is shaping us in return.
Development of Sociological Thinking
August Comte (1798-1857)
Positivism (observation and experimentation)
Social statics- the study of stability and order.
Social dynamics- social change
Herbert Spencer (1820-1903)
Organic analogy explaining social stability
Natural selection (survival of the fittest)
Karl Marx (1818-1883)
Materialist, critical of capitalism (analyzed it)
Recognized social class and class conflict
Believed society is maintained through domination, not by consensus. *false
Emilie Durkheim (1858-1917)
Division of labor is the mechanism of social change
Study of suicide
Introduced statistical techniques
Max Weber (1864-1920)
Method of verstehen
Argued for value-free research
Importance of cultural ideas and values for social change
Rationalization of social and economic life
Buereaucracy Harriet Martineau (1802-1876)
First book on methodology
Spoke against slavery and oppression of women
W.E.B. Du Bois (1868-1963)
Connected social analysis to social reform concern
Concern with the issue of race in America
Why do people beg for money?
They need it
They cant find a job