Chapter 5 Reading.docx

6 Pages

International Affairs
Course Code
INTA 1110
Tarun Chaudhary

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Ch. 5 International Society 10/4/2012 9:15:00 AM Basic International Society Approach  IR should be understood as a ‘society’ of sovereign states  Try to understand what inclines statespeople of IR to act the way they do by seeking to gain insight into the ideas and thought behind their foreign policies.  Traditional international society derives from philosophy, history, and law and is characterized by reliance upon the exercise of judgement  Disagree with Waltz’s claim that there is a structure of int'l politics which operates with law like regularity. o International society is on the traditionalist side, not behavioralist  Study of the historical human world.  In the middle of classical realism and classical liberalism o IR is a society of states o Principle actors are the statespeople  Foreign policy inclinations of states and statespeople are central focus of analysis  IR is a study of war and peace  Although there is no world gov that is above sovereign states, there are common rules, interests, and institutions and organizations which are created and share by states. o Anarchical society: worldwide social order of ind states  Three ways to look at relations of states (International society contains all three concepts) proposed by Martin Wight o Realism: states are power agencies that pursue their own interests. (Machiavelli) o Rationalism: states are legal organizations that operate in accordance with int'l law and diplomatic practice (Grotius) o Revolutionism: community of humankind is more fundamental than the society of states. (Kant)  Doctrine of overthrowing existing regimes  IR theory is a human activity concerned with fundamental values: o International Order: pattern of disposition of int'l activity that sustains the basic goals of the society of states. o International Justice: moral rules which confer rights and duties upon states and nations.  State sovereignty and human rights often conflict o Pluralist: principles of respect for sovereignty and non-intervention always come first o Solidarist: human rights take precedence over the rights of sovereign states  See box. 5.3 for summary The Three Traditions: Theory  Wight claimed realist, rationalist, and revolutionist thought are foundational ideas of IR. The Three Traditions: Practice  4 key emphases in int'l society theory o on leading operative ideas that are seen to shape the thought, policies, and activities of the people involved (statespeople) o on the dialogue between the leading ideas, values, and beliefs which come into play in the conduct of foreign policy. o On the historical dimension of IR o On the normative aspect as seen in a historical light. Order and Justice—Hedley Bull  Wight and Bull: only possible to theorize IR within context of concrete historical events and episodes.  Main point of anarchical society is promotion and preservation of international order.  4 goals of the society of states: (acc. to Bull) o preservation of int'l society  upholding the ind of member states  maintaining peace  helping to secure the normative foundations of all social life o keeping of promises
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