Chapter 9 Reading.docx

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Georgia Institute of Technology
International Affairs
INTA 1110
Tarun Chaudhary

Chapter 9 Reading Foreign Policy 10/22/2012 9:13:00 AM The Concept of Foreign Policy  It is the study of the management of external relations and activities of nation states as distinguished by their domestic policies. Foreign Policy Analysis  Approaches to foreign policy o Traditional approach  Involves being informed about a government’s external policies  Gain insight into the activity of foreign policy makers  Must understand nation’s history of foreign policy o Comparative approach  Inspired by behaviouralists  Build systematic theories and explanations of foreign policy  James Rosenau’s pre-theory of foreign policy  Five categories of foreign policy decisions  Idiosyncratic, role, governmental, societal, and systematic variables  ranking on relative importance of these variables o Bureaucratic Structures and Process Approach  Focuses on the organizational context of decision making  Strength is empiricism  Why did it happen the way it did?  Graham Allison  Different and complementary ways of understanding American decision making during Cuban Missile Crisis  Rational actor approach (with that information what would be the best decision for reaching one’s goal?  Organizational processes (concrete foreign policy emerges from cluster of governmental organizations that look after their own best interests and follow standard operating procedures)  Bureaucratic politics model (portrays individual decision makers) o Cognitive Processes and Psychology  Focused on the individual decision maker with focus on psychological aspect. o Multilevel and multidimensional approach  The general theories o Social Constructivist Approach  Focus on the role of ideas  Strategic culture  Over time, countries tend to develop lasting set of ideas about… How to Study Foreign policy: A level of analysis approach  Waltz and the causes of war o Level of the individual (are human beings aggressive by nature?) o Level of the state (are some states more prone to conflict than others?) o Level of the system (are there conditions in the int'l system that lead states to war?)  Levels of analysis to study foreign policy o Systematic level (distribution of power between states; their political and economic interdependence) o Nation-state level (type of gov, democratic or authoritarian; relations between state apparatus and groups in society; the bureaucratic make-up of the state apparatus
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