PSYC 1101 Chapter 4: Decision Making
Premium

3 Pages
14 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1101
Professor
Verhaeghen
Semester
Fall

Description
Personality  ● Defined as the  characteristic  style of  behaving,  thinking, and  feeling of an  individual.  Differences in  personality are   concerned with  prior events and  anticipated events  that  affect  personality.  ● Classification of  Personality   Approach. Psychoanalysis  (Freud) - used  clinical  experience to  develop  comprehensive  theory of  personality.  His  ToP  proposed  that  childhood  sexuality and  unconscious  motivation in뢓í»¼uence  personality. Both a  ToP and a  therapy  method. Used to  treat  psychological  disorders by  exposing and  interpreting  unconscious  tensions.  Chain of  thoughts  lead to  painful,  unconscious  memories.  Retrieving and  releasing  these memories cause  patients to feel  better.  Nothing is  an  accident.  Freud’s  structure of  personality: Id  (unconscious), ego  (unconscious,  preconscious,  conscious), superego  (unconscious,  preconscious,  conscious). Id :  Present  from  birth  operates  according to the  pleasure  principle.  Primitive focus  (basic  needs and  wants). 2  competing  instincts -  life  (sexual),  death  (aggressive).  Completely  unconscious.  Superego:    Moral  conscience that  develops  around  age  5.  Stores and  enforces  rules  (inner  voice that  tells you to not do something or that  tells u something is  wrong).  Subsystems  of  superego:  ego  ideal =  parents’  approve/value.  Conscience =  parents’  disapproval. Ego:    Operates  according to  reality.  Arises in  first 3 years of  life.  Mediates between  id and  superego.  Tl;dr  id is the 2  yr  old  inside of  you,  ego is more  realistic and  mediates  between the  id and  superego,  superego is  idealistic  af.  ● Defense  mechanisms:   Repression -  Blocking  threatening  ideas,  memories,  emotions  from  consciousness. Projection -  Attributing  repressed  feelings to someone  else.  Displacement -  targeting your  emotions at people or things that are not the  real object of  emotion;  sublimation is  acting out  socially  unacceptable  impulses in a  socially  acceptable  way. Reaction  formation -  When a  feeling or  belief that  causes  anxiety is  transformed  into the  opposite  feeling or  belief in our  consciousness. Regression -  Returning to a  previous  stage of  development. Denial -  Refusing to  admit something  unpleasant or  that  something that  provokes  anxiety is  happening. Examples:    Repress You  can't  remember  your  father's  funeral.  Proj You get really  mad at your  husband but  scream that  he's the  one  mad at  you.  Displacement  When you get  mad at your  sister, you  break your  drinking  glass by  throwing it  against the  wall. Reaction  formation  When you  say  you're not  angry  when you really  are.  Regression You and your  roommate have get into an  argument  so  you  stomp o뢓í»¼ into another  room and  pout.  Den
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 1101

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit