Sociology SOC-R 100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Collective Memory, Ingroups And Outgroups, Mass Media

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7 Feb 2017
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Sociology Chapter 4
Socialization
Socialization = the process by which people acquire a social identity and learn
about the groups to which they belong and do not belong
o Develop their human capacities and learn to negotiate the social and
physical environment
In-group= a group to which a person belongs to, identifies, admires, and or feels
loyalty
Out-group= any group to which a person does not belong
Internalization = the process in which people take as their own and accept as
binding the norms, values, beliefs and language that their socializers are
attempting to pass on
Nature = human genetic makeup
Nurture = the social experience that make up every individuals life
Social interaction as well as social contact is essential in human development
Collective memory = the experiences shared and recalled by significant numbers
of people; such memories are revived, preserved, shared, passed on and recast in
many forms like holidays, rituals and stories
o Example; memories of war
Role-taking = the process of stepping into another person shoes by which to
imaginatively view and assess out behavior, appearance and thoughts
o Three stage process
Preparatory
Play
Games
Play = voluntary and often spontaneous activity with few or no formal rules that
is not subject to constraints of time or place
Significant others = people or characters who are important in a child’s life, in
that they are greatly influence that persons elf evaluation and ways of behaving
o Cartoon character, parent, family pet
Games = structured, organized activities that usually involve more than one
person and established rules, time, place and outcome
o Ex., baseball; multiple players, set rules/guidelines, expected outcome (a
winner)
Generalized other = a system of expected behaviors and meanings that transcend
the people participating
Significant symbol = gestures that convey the same meaning to the people
transmitting them and receiving them
Gesture = any action that requires people to interpret its meaning before
responding
o Language can be an example of a gesture because people interpret the
meaning of words before they react
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