Sociology SOC-R 100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Collective Memory, Ingroups And Outgroups, Mass Media

83 views2 pages
7 Feb 2017

For unlimited access to Textbook Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

Sociology Chapter 4
Socialization = the process by which people acquire a social identity and learn
about the groups to which they belong and do not belong
o Develop their human capacities and learn to negotiate the social and
physical environment
In-group= a group to which a person belongs to, identifies, admires, and or feels
Out-group= any group to which a person does not belong
Internalization = the process in which people take as their own and accept as
binding the norms, values, beliefs and language that their socializers are
attempting to pass on
Nature = human genetic makeup
Nurture = the social experience that make up every individuals life
Social interaction as well as social contact is essential in human development
Collective memory = the experiences shared and recalled by significant numbers
of people; such memories are revived, preserved, shared, passed on and recast in
many forms like holidays, rituals and stories
o Example; memories of war
Role-taking = the process of stepping into another person shoes by which to
imaginatively view and assess out behavior, appearance and thoughts
o Three stage process
Play = voluntary and often spontaneous activity with few or no formal rules that
is not subject to constraints of time or place
Significant others = people or characters who are important in a child’s life, in
that they are greatly influence that persons elf evaluation and ways of behaving
o Cartoon character, parent, family pet
Games = structured, organized activities that usually involve more than one
person and established rules, time, place and outcome
o Ex., baseball; multiple players, set rules/guidelines, expected outcome (a
Generalized other = a system of expected behaviors and meanings that transcend
the people participating
Significant symbol = gestures that convey the same meaning to the people
transmitting them and receiving them
Gesture = any action that requires people to interpret its meaning before
o Language can be an example of a gesture because people interpret the
meaning of words before they react
find more resources at
find more resources at
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class