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Chapter 3

EDUC 310 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Financial Capital, Cultural Capital, Minority Group


Department
Education
Course Code
EDUC 310
Professor
Carmen "Ruthie" Bosch
Chapter
3

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Educations: derived from the Latin word edu-care, meaning “to lead forth”
Education is a broader term than schooling
o There is a lot of education outside of the school system, such as at home, at
church, and when interacting with other people
Subculture: a social group with shared characteristics that distinguish it in some way
from the larger group in which it is embedded
Microculture: social group that shares distinctive traits, values, and behaviors that set it
apart from the parent macroculture of which it is a part
Minority group: a social group that occupies a subordinate position in a society
Ethnic group: groups who share a common heritage
People of color: refers to nonwhite minority groups, such as African Americans, Mexican
Americans, Puerto Ricans, and Native Americans
Culture can be understood in terms of the assumptions or ideas inherent in the concept
itself:
o Humans construct culture
o Culture is shared: it is not only constructed, but it is socially constructed by
humans
o Culture is both objective and subjective
Objective components: consist of the visible, tangible elements of a
group; physical artifacts, the language, clothes, food, etc.
Subjective components: invisible, less tangible aspects of culture, such as
attitudes, values, norms of behavior , manner in which they learn,
hierarchy etc.
o Culture is nurtured
To enculturate a child is to help that child become a member of her or his
social groups
Article Summary Notes:
Metaphorical capital: non-material resources within a community
o Prestige
o Influence
o Knowledge
Financial capital: regardless of how capital is conceived, it is never merely money or
income
Metaphorical capital: the elite accrue advantages from their lifestyle and circles of
influence
o These “goods” cannot be purchased with money
Social capital and Human capital: investing of time, money, and effort
Cultural capital: cultural knowledge and experience, acquired over time, from family,
friends, mentors, or teachers
Community cultural wealth: composite of multiple capital categories, which explicitly
include social capital and cultural capital, with wealth chosen as an extension of the
capital frame
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