POSC 225 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Literacy Test, Voting Rights Act Of 1965, Jim Crow Laws

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Document Summary

Civil rights: the protections against unequal treatment that the government guarantees to all groups. Race: a socially constructed classification of people based on their physical characteristics, especially skin color. Ethnicity: a socially constructed classification of people based on national origin or culture. Gender: social relations between the sexes and attitudes about how the sexes interact and the roles that society assumes they will play. Inequality: the extent to which one group enjoys more political, social, or economic benefits than another group. Inequality of opportunity: a form of inequality in which laws or official actions deny specific groups social, political, or economic benefits that are available to other groups. Inequality of outcome: a form of inequality in which social and demographic forces, not official laws or policies, cause one group to enjoy more political, social, or economic benefits than another group. Segregation: physical separation of a dominant group from a subordinate group.

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