ART Chapter 3
*A medium is the actual material substance used to make a work of art.
*Vanitas: the impermanence of temporal life.
Damien Hirst, For the Love of God
Media in 2D Art:
Drawing: one of the oldest disciplines, using a wide range of materials.
Support: what holds the art – rock, paper, canvas
Dry Media: pencil, charcoal, pastel, silverpoint
Charcoal: carbon stick created from burnt wood
Chalk and Pastel: colored materials held together by wax or glue
Silverpoint: produced by a stylus made of silver that leaves marks on paper or
wood coated with layers of gesso* as a ground.
Wet Media: liquid form, ink the most common, used with either brush or pen.
Printmaking: the process of making multiple impressions, using a printing plate,
woodblock, stone or stencil.
Intaglio: fine lines, high level or detail, rich/dark tones
*Albrecht Durer. Knight, Death, and the Devil
Relief Woodblock prints
Areas not to be printed are cut away.
Areas to be printed are left higher.
Ink is applied to the higher areas.
The surface is sent through a press.
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner – Die Brucke Exhibition Advertisement*
Katsushika Hokusai – The Great Wave Off Kanagawa
Lithography Edvard Munch – Madonna
Serigraphy Andy Warhol , Marilyn Monroe
Monotype: makes only one impression of an image
Painting consists of 2 basic pigments Pigments (what gives it color) and Binder (what
sticks it to support)*
Encaustic: one of the most ancient forms of painting media, pigments are mixed
into hot beeswax, and blended until cool.
Fayum Mummy Portrait from Egypt
Fresco: used for large murals- painted directly onto plaster walls