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ART 1107 (17)
Chapter 2

ART 1107 Chapter 2: ART Chapter 2

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ART 1107
Christopher Lee Hall

Chapter 2: The language of Art and Architecture Part One: The formal Elements: 1. Line A line is a moving point, having length and no width. A line’s direction describes spatial relationships Line Quality: can express a range of emotions, fragility, roughness, anger, whimsy, vigor. Gesture lines: rapid, sketchy marks mimicking the movement of human eyes when examining a subject. Outline: follows the outline of a silhouette Contour/Cross-contours Ex of contour: Portrait of Igor Stravinsky by Pablo Picasso Hatching/Crosshatching 2. Light and Value Basis for vision Necessary for art Energy stimulates the eyes and brain. Light: Natural: sun, moon, stars, lightning, and fire… Artificial: incandescent, fluorescent, neon, laser Most art does not emit light but reflects ambient light (the light all around us) Drawing and Painting, being flat, creates the illusion of light artificially Value: In 2D art value represents various levels of light and dark one step on a gradation from light and dark. associated with color, red can be lighter or darker Can be used to suggest three dimensionality CHIAROSCURO to describe light-dark gradations Caravaggio, David with the Head of Goliath, 1607– value is created artificially in this painting 3. Color Properties: hue value intensity Intensity or saturation Additive color system: applies to light-emitting media Subtractive color system: Primary: red, yellow, and blue Secondary: orange, green, violet Tertiary: blue-green Analogous: similar in appearance, next to each other on the color wheel. Complementary: opposites on the color wheel Most powerful effect, creates the most psychological contrast Ex: red and green Subtractive color theory: Color can be warm and cool… Warm color advances into space Seen closer to our eye Cool color recedes into space 4. Texture and Pattern Texture a surface characteristic that is tactile or visual Tactile, Simulated, Abstracted, Invented A medium may have inherent texture. A mosaic is a picture created out of small colored glass or stone pieces, which are affixed to a surface. Each mosaic piece reflects ambient light in a slightly different direction and has a texture that is particular to this process Empress Theodora Pattern: a configuration with a repeated visual form. Natural, Geometric, Amorphous Pattern in architecture; creates visual interest Pattern functions as decoration 5. Shape and Volume (Form) Shapes can be defined by outlines or by and area of color surrounded by a contrasting area. Volume is 3-dimensional Regular Irregular Geometric Isometric 6. Space Planar space: the height and width of the picture surface Linear perspective Atmospheric (or Arial) Perspective One-Point Perspective Two-Point Perspective Three-Point Perspective Isometric Perspective – no vanishing points Oblique Perspective –no vanishing points Multipoint Perspective Giorgio de Chirico, Gare Mont parnasse 7. Time and Motion Time is the period that viewers study and absorb an artwork Motion is implied by: rhythmic r
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