POLS 1101 Chapter 2-3: POLS Chapter 2 and 3

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Department
Political Science and International Affairs
Course Code
POLS 1101
Professor
Lee Jones

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POLS Chapter 2 and 3: Virginia Plan: Large States Wanted representation to be apportioned according to population Did NOT want taxation based on population James Madison and Charles Pinckney New Jersey Plan Small States Wanted representation apportioned equally Wanted taxation based on population William Patterson The Great Compromise Combined plans … House of Representatives satisfies Virginia Plan Senate satisfies New Jersey Plan Part 1 of the Great Compromise is called Bicameralism… 2 houses. Checks and Balances means that one branch has the power to limit the abilities of the other branches. Article 2 Sec. 2 … lists powers of the president Article 1 Sec. 7…. The process for getting a bill passed. Article 5 2 Stage Process for ratifying an amendment. Ratification and Proposal Equal rights amendment??? The government has not made it so that women and men legally have to be treated equally. Article 6… Supremacy Clause Article 1 Sec. 8… ENUMERATED POWERS: Specific listed powers of Congress. Economic responsibilities of the federal government. Article 4 & 6… Federalism Why did the Articles of Confederation didn’t work? Federal government can’t handle commerce. Federal government couldn’t tax. Federalism: A governmental structure with two levels of government in which each level has sovereignty. Sovereignty: decision-makers have ultimate authority to act with no legal superior. Dual Sovereignty: two governments have authority over different matter at same time with no sovereign. How can there be two or more sovereigns in the same territory One federal government Fifty state governments 89,000 local governments 500,000 electoral positions Good or bad? Good: multiple points of access for citizen Bad: confusion and conflict are present Rousseau Individuals have free will. Federalist #51 1.Purpose of Government: Justice is the end of government. The poor people are the stronger faction, uniting against the wealthy people (the weaker faction). 2. Republicanism and social contract: How are people going to be secure from the government. Divide the government into different branches. Separation of Powers to secure the rights of the people. 3. Hobbes and Locke and Federalism: Checks and Balances. Branches are going to be in competition with each other. 4. Separation of Powers: The people will choose their appointed officials. The branches are going to be in competition with each other. The government does not get to choose who their officials are. It is up to the people. 6. Why Checks and Balances Are Necessary: United States is a compound republic. James Madison says that ambition must be made to counteract ambition. None of the Major Independence Leaders went to the Constitutional Convention. Thomas Payne Common Sense Father of the American Revolution Samuel Adams Heard about Boston Tea Party Patrick Henry Give me Liberty or Give me Death John Hancock Too much power in the central government, where is the Bill of Rights Federalism is the division of power: Expressed Powers: Spelled out in constitution Article 1
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