SCI 1102 Chapter 8: Human Population Growth 1

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7 Feb 2017
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Unit 1: Human Population Growth
Module 1 HPG: Overview
Module Overview
We begin our examinations of human population growth with an overview of
the issue using the assigned chapter in the textbook. These readings will
provide a solid overview of this vitally-important issue to humanity’s future
on this planet and lay a foundation for the more in-depth examinations that
follow.
Textbook Readings
Chapter 8, Human Population
Module Learning Objectives
After completing the assigned content and activities, students should be able
to:
Textbook
1. Perceive the scope of human population growth.
2. Assess divergent views on population growth.
3. Evaluate how human population, affluence, and technology affect the
environment.
4. Explain and apply the fundamentals of demography.
5. Outline and assess the concept of demographic transition.
6. Describe how wealth and poverty, the status of women, and family
planning affect population growth.
7. Characterize the dimensions of the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
8. Link population goals to sustainable development goals.
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NOTES
China’s One-Child Policy
- Peoples Republic of China is the world’s most populous nation
o 1/5th of the world’s 7billion people live there
- Mao believed that population growth was desirable
- In 1970
o The average Chinese woman gave birth to 5.8 children in her
lifetime
- The population growth, industrial & agricultural development eroded
the nations soil, depleted its water, leveling forests & polluting air
- Continued population growth could exhaust resources & threaten the
stability & progress if Chinese society
- Population control program
o Prohibited most Chinese couples from having more than 1 child
o Began with education & outreach efforts
Encouraged people to marry later & have fewer children
China increased the availability of contraceptives &
abortions
- One child families received better access to schools, medical care,
housing, governmental jobs
o Mothers with one child were given longer maternity leave
- Families with more than 1 child were subjected to monetary fines,
employment discrimination, social scorn & ridicule
o Fines could exceed half of a couple’s annual income
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- One child policy applies to families mostly in urban areas
o Farmers & ethnic minorities were exempt because the success of
the farm depended on having multiple children
- In Chinese culture, they valued sons because they could carry down the
families name
o Assist with farm labor
o Care for aging parents
- Daughters would marry & leave their parents
- Because they preferred sons, couples would abort their female child
Our World at Seven Billion
- India is a population powerhouse, slightly less populous than china
- India lacks china’s stringent reproductive policies
o Will soon overtake China & possess the world’s largest
population
- World’s poorer nations continue to experience population growth
o These nations aren’t equipped to handle the growth
o Causes stress on the society, environment & people’s wellbeing
- One of the greatest challenges is finding ways to slow the growth of the
human population without the requirement of measures used in China
The Human Population is growing rapidly
- Global population is now over 7 billion
o Grows by more than 70 million people each year
Equivalent to adding all the people of California, Texas &
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