ART 140 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Precious Metal, Indus River, Indus Valley Civilisation

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17 Sep 2016
Department
Course
Professor
South Asia before 1200
Garner 9-16
* art and architecture in South and Southeast Asia from their beginnings 5 millennia ago through
the 12th century
India & Pakistan third millennium BCE civilization along the Indus River stretching from
Pakistan to Gujarat. This early South Asian culture is called Indus Civilization
Indus Civilization (2600 - 1500 BCE)
active trade between Indus civilization and Mesopotamia
Harappa & Mohenjo-daro two most important sites, fully developed cities, streets oriented to
compass points, multi story homes built with precisely laid kiln baked bricks, world’s first
sewage system and water supply system, private bathing areas in each house & drainage, no
surviving Indus building
Mohenjo-Daro
Great bath in center of city: rooms centered on sunken brick pool
39’ long, 23’ wide, 8’ deep
watertight; cracks filled with bitumen (asphalt like material also used in
Mesopotamia)
place for ritual bathing (still practiced today)
not a lot of art discovered, what has been found are very small
Robed male figure
6 ⅞ “ high
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