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Chapter 4

COUN 400 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Countertransference

Course Code
COUN 400

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Coun Exam 1 Chapter 4
Anxiety can be a normal reaction to facing a new or
threatening situation
Too much anxiety can render an intern unable to pay
attention to the client
Helpers must learn how to manage their anxiety
Clients may have a multitude of feelings and reactions
to you
Transference takes place even in the practice of brief
Approach defensive behaviors with interest and respect
rather than with impatience and judgment
Pay attention to your own feelings about a client who
imposes on you and makes unreasonable demands of you
will give you a sense of how significant people in
this client’s life are affected by their behavior
Clients may have realistic feelings towards you and
it’s not always transference
Countertransference is a result of transference
evoking reactions in the helper and become problematic
o Occurs when there is inappropriate affect when
counselors respond defensively
o Occurs when helpers lose objectivity in a
relationship because their own conflicts are
Use reactions in therapeutic ways
Attend to the feelings you are experiencing in
relationship to the client and identify the sources of
these reactions
When counselor’s personal issues are brought into
awareness, the chances that countertransference will
be properly managed increase
Empathy fatigue
o A form of countertransference
o Result for helpers being exposed to the pain that
clients express
Your own supervision is a central factor in learning
how to deal effectively with both transference and
countertransference reactions
Ongoing supervision will allow you to accept
responsibility for your own reactions and prevent you
from taking full responsibility for directions that
your clients take
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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