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Chapter

Critique 5 1482


Department
Kinesiology: Professional Courses/Basic Activity Courses
Course Code
KIN 4900
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All

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SPORT AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT 1
Critique
Robyn Daniel
Louisiana State University
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SPORT AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT 2
An evaluation of the four articles: “An Active City Approach for Urban Development” by
Frank Daumann, Robin Heinze, Benedikt Rommelt, and Anne Wunderlich (2014); Sport and
Economic Regeneration in Citiesby Chris Gratton, Simon Shibli, and Richard Coleman (2005);
Designing the Fit City: Public Health, Active Lives, and the (Re)Instrumentalization of Urban
Spaceby Herrick (2009); and Assessing the Sociology of Sport: On Sport and the City by
Schimmel (2014), shows each of these articles discusses the use of sport for urban regeneration.
Over the past thirty years, governments around the world have developed strategies for using
sporting events as catalyst for urban regeneration. According to the literature, a wide range of
benefits has been suggested for the host city from staging sport megaevents, including: urban
regeneration legacy benefits, sporting legacy benefits, tourism and image benefits, and social and
cultural benefits” (Gratton et al., 2005). Despite a persuasive argument in favor of sports as urban
regeneration mechanisms, there is also a strong counterargument that the negative impacts of sport
strategies for community development outweigh any benefits. Additionally, the evidence of the
net balance between the positive and negative economic benefits to cities from hosting sports
events has tended to be different in the USA and the rest of the world, specifically in Europe and
Australia” (Daumann et al., 2014). This review examines the use of sport in urban regeneration.
These articles’ contribution to the field is unclear. Although each of the articles seem to be
significant in certain ways, no theoretical framework (context) was ever established. This
undermined the credibility of the article’s arguments and invites further research into this area.
However, this limitation aside, I still maintain that these article offer important information on
sport as a strategy for urban regeneration.
A summary of the articles shows that, the hosting of major sport events is often justified
by the host city in terms of long-term economic and social consequences, directly or indirectly
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