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9.17

Steam enters a turbine at 3 MPa, 450°C, expands in a reversible adiabatic process

and exhausts at 10 kPa. Changes in kinetic and potential energies between the

inlet and the exit of the turbine are small. The power output of the turbine is 800

kW. What is the mass flow rate of steam through the turbine?

Solution:

C.V. Turbine, Steady single inlet and exit flows. Adiabatic: Q

. = 0.

Continuity Eq.6.11: m

.

i = m

.

e = m

.,

Energy Eq.6.12: m

.hi = m

.he + W

.

T,

Entropy Eq.9.8: m

.si + 0/ = m

.se ( Reversible S

.

gen = 0 )

Explanation for the

work term is in Sect.

9.3, Eq.9.14 2

1

P

v

T

s

1

2

Inlet state: Table B.1.3 hi = 3344 kJ/kg, si = 7.0833 kJ/kg K

Exit state: Pe , se = si ⇒ Table B.1.2 saturated as se < sg

x

e = (7.0833 - 0.6492)/7.501 = 0.8578,

h

e = 191.81 + 0.8578 × 2392.82 = 2244.4 kJ/kg

m

. = W

.

T/wT = W

.

T/(hi - he) = 800

3344 - 2244.4 kW

kJ/kg = 0.728 kg/s

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Borgnakke and Sonntag

9.18

A reversible adiabatic compressor receives 0.05 kg/s saturated vapor R-410a at

200 kPa and has an exit presure of 800 kPa. Neglect kinetic energies and find the

exit temperature and the minimum power needed to drive the unit.

Solution:

C.V. Compressor, Steady single inlet and exit flows. Adiabatic: Q

. = 0.

Continuity Eq.6.11: m

.

i = m

.

e = m

.,

Energy Eq.6.12: m

.hi = m

.he + W

.

C,

Entropy Eq.9.8: m

.si + 0/ = m

.se ( Reversible S

.

gen = 0 )

Inlet state: B 4.2.: hi = 264.27 kJ/kg, si = 1.1192 kJ/kg K

Exit state: Pe , se = si ⇒ Table B.4.2 he = 302.65 kJ/kg, Te ≅ 22.7°C

–wc = he - hi = 302.65 – 264.27 = 38.38 kJ/kg

– W

.

c = Power In = –wcm

. = 38.38 × 0.05 = 1.92 kW

Explanation for the

work term is in Sect.

9.3, Eq.9.18

2

1

P

v

T

s

1

2

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for

testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which this textbook has been

adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108

of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

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