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Chapter 10

Chapter10 (98% on the test)

16 Pages

Course Code
PSYC 3083

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Chapter 10 Behavioral Approaches to TherapyFoundations of Behavior Therapyfoundations lie in learning theorylearning principlesis a heavy emphasis on scientific methodfundamental assumption isall behavior determined AND variables determining it can be discoveredchangedthere is insistance that abnormal symp is the donot a symbol of unconscious conflictdiff from those who say symptom is manifestation ofunconscious processesieNo Hidden Meanings behaviorists say symptom is the dosay same laws of learning apply 2 all behaviorsnormal abnormalsay abnormal behavior simply normal response 2 abnormallearning conditions iewe learnkeep bad behaviors bc of poor learning environmentsreinforcement schedulessay change abnormal behavior by changing learning conditions Behaviorism vs trad psychotherapy psychoanaylct centeredBehaviorism rejects mentalistic notions of mind Emphasizes objectively observable behaviorssituationsStrict behaviorists say can explain behavior WO using persons cogsmental processes as explanation dont deny existenceimportance of thoughts feelings BUTsay these R internal behaviorsshould B subjective to samescientific investigation as external behaviorsuntil they R have no explanatory value thus emphasis is on observable behaviorBrief History of Behavior TherapyWatson experimentclass conditioning fear of white rats N Little Albert Little Albert liked 2 play wwhite ratin experiment paired presentation of rat wloud noise after a few pairings Little Albert criedsight of ratsoon showed same fear 2 any white furry objectThus demonstrated abnormal behavior phobia could be learnedWatson said probably many phobias are conditioned emotional reactionsCase of Little Peter2
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