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Chapter 13

SOCL 2001 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Standardized Test, Broccoli, Social Inequality


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCL 2001
Professor
T.Kazi
Chapter
13

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Chapter 13: Education
Education
Social institution (LSU-organization, Religion-institution, Church-organization)
Deals with the transmission of skills and knowledge to its members
Also transmits social values and norms
Structural Functional Theory
Overt function:
o Teaching
o Testing
o Transmit new behaviors/skills
o Creation of new knowledge
o Decrease poverty
Covert Function:
o Prolonged adolescent
Agro-based societies: adulthood comes faster, manual labor required
Industrial societies: children are relived from work-roles
Mostly focus on education: mandatory school attendance till 16
Dependency on parental support continues for even 2 decades longer
13.5% of 20-30 year olds live with their parents (2010)
o Age segregation
Socialize with same age people
Age-segregated subculture evolve, eating habit, dress-up, language
pattern
o Child care
Both parents employed 9am-3pm (normally) almost 6/7 hours school
takes care of the children
Some schools offer after hours
Conflict Theory
Hidden curriculum
o Patriotism, obedience, competition
o Nation’s history (Bangladesh vs Pakistan, Columbus: Brave, explorer)
Teaching of values
o Advantage of capitalism and disadvantage of socialism
Teaching norms and conformity… to standards of behavior of those in power
o Heterosexuality, homosexuality is a sin (in many countries)
Credentialism (Bachelors, Masters, PhD)
o Why do we need degrees? Collins (1979): we learn cultural norms of the
dominant group in school, not learn skills
o Physicians in the US: almost 9 years of schooling, China/Cuba/India: shorter time
but still good physicians
Biased intelligence test
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