Poverty - a condition of deprivation due to economic circumstances that is severe enough that the individual in this condition cannot live with dignity in his or her society. Recession - a period of economic decline lasting half a year or more. So everyone is under economic pressure the people in poverty were hurt even more. In the past 20-30 years, government policies try to combat poverty - focus on encouraging work and offering benefits that directly serve children. Susan mayer (wrote book what money can"t buy: found very little evidence to support the widely held belief that parental income has a significant effect on children"s outcomes, charles murray and richard herrnstein (the bell curve) The effects of poverty on children: three basic theories about how poverty negatively affects children, focuses on the material depravations caused by a family"s low socioeconomic status.