SOCL 2001 Chapter 8: chapter 8 soci.docx
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Chapter 8: Social stratification
Wednesday, October 08, 2014
•Social Stratification: Hierarchal ranking of people who have different access to
oClass, property, etc.
oCan be closed or open
oObjective: "To become the wealthiest player through buying, renting, and
oIn a stratified society, The upper class starts with more money, middle has
a moderate amount, and the lower class has a lot less.
•Open system is based on individual achievement
•Closed system is limited by ascribed statuses
oAscribed statuses- Things you cannot change
oEx. Sex, race, etc.
•America is both
oBased on heredity
oMost marry within class
oLimited access to education and healthcare
oDalit: the untouchables
oNet worth; property and income
oRespect attached to social positions
oDoctors and Lawyers have more prestige than the cashier
oAbility to achieve goals or maintain influence
oPower elite: Coined by C. Wright Mills
•Small group of white men who make all the important decisions in
•Culture of Poverty
oSubculture of future children that are socializing into perpetuating their
abilities to escape poverty
oEx. Parents are unemployed, live off of government paychecks, so the
kids emulate and do the same
•Socioeconomic Status (SES)
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