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Chapter 8

SOCL 2001 Chapter 8: chapter 8 soci.docx


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCL 2001
Professor
Alan Castle
Chapter
8

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Chapter 8: Social stratification
Wednesday, October 08, 2014
11:34 AM
Social Stratification: Hierarchal ranking of people who have different access to
resources
oClass, property, etc.
oCan be closed or open
Monopoly
oObjective: "To become the wealthiest player through buying, renting, and
selling property
oIn a stratified society, The upper class starts with more money, middle has
a moderate amount, and the lower class has a lot less.
Open system is based on individual achievement
Closed system is limited by ascribed statuses
oAscribed statuses- Things you cannot change
oEx. Sex, race, etc.
oCaste system
America is both
Caste
oBased on heredity
oMost marry within class
oLimited access to education and healthcare
oDalit: the untouchables
Wealth
oNet worth; property and income
Prestige
oRespect attached to social positions
oDoctors and Lawyers have more prestige than the cashier
Power
oAbility to achieve goals or maintain influence
oPower elite: Coined by C. Wright Mills
Small group of white men who make all the important decisions in
society
CEOs, Politicians
Culture of Poverty
oSubculture of future children that are socializing into perpetuating their
abilities to escape poverty
oEx. Parents are unemployed, live off of government paychecks, so the
kids emulate and do the same
Socioeconomic Status (SES)
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