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Chapter 9

ITS 201 Chapter 9: ITS TEXT CHAPTER 9 NOTES


Department
International Studies
Course Code
ITS 201
Professor
Kathryn Lafever
Chapter
9

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TEXT CHAPTER 9
Hinduism and Buddhism are the two religions that originated in Asia
-Islam is also a dominant religion in Asia and is primarily based in Pakistan and other
Central Asian countries
Southern Asia is linked to the West in many ways
+Historically linked to the West through trade routes and the silk road
The regions of Asia can often overlap
Southern Asia has some of world’s largest mountains with the Himalayan Mountain Chain
-The monsoon season dominates the climate patterns of Southern Asia
Central Asian countries are completely landlocked
Before western colonialism Asia was in many ways the master of its own destiny
-During its golden age China was one of the most advanced nations in the world
Asia is a very diverse part of the world
-There is some Christianity in Southwestern India and it was brought over by Europe
and became established due to European and Middle Eastern diasporas
Indian culture has appropriated much of Western culture on its own terms
-For example, Bollywood still remains very culturally Indian but has incorporated much
of the Western entertainment business model
South Asia has two tiered economies while economic development in Central Asia has been very
slow
-Poverty is a bigger problem in both than in Eastern Asia
Historically, Asian states have seen themselves as responsible to their people
-Democratic rule is common in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh
Most of Central Asia besides Mongolia is authoritarian
Democracy is stronger in Southern Asia than central Asia
The Silk Road has been very important
-The fall of the USSR and the opening of China to the West reopened the Silk Road
-Great tool for diffusion
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