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Chapter 12

ITS 201 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: North American Free Trade Agreement, Greater Antilles, Latin American Studies

International Studies
Course Code
ITS 201
Kathryn Lafever

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Latin America is poised to become one of the most prosperous regions in the world
-Democracy is pretty much entrenched in the region
-However still plagued by slow growth and corruption
Latin America is still a diverse region
-Geography, such as Andes, plays somewhat of a role
-Many European languages, even Dutch, as well as numerous indigenous languages are
spoken in Latin America
The term “Latin America” is a byproduct of the imprint on all parts of society in the region left
by European colonization
-Enough similarities to bind Central America, South America and Caribbean islands
into one region
South American is the most recognizable piece of Latin America and has four major sub regions
-Southern Cone: Southern part of the continent (Chile, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay)
-Andean nations (Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela)
-Brazil is its own sub region
-Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana in the North-western corner
Spain and Portugal were dominant powers in South America
-Diversity in climate here too
Central America is also geographically diverse
-Less understood than South America
-Mexico isn’t very North American, but very Latin American so it is often lumped in
with Central America
+Connected to North America through the North American Free Trade
Caribbeans are divided into two subunits: Greater and Lesser Antilles
-Greater Antilles is Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico and Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican
+these islands are far larger
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