THE 191 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Henrik Ibsen, Anton Chekhov, August Strindberg

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Published on 18 Jan 2017
Department
Course
THE 191
Module 8
Theater style = the distinctive manner in which a playwright chooses to describe, express,
interpret or present their worldview
o Focuses on the appearance of a play
How it is written or staged
Two major styles
o Realism
o Theatricalism
Realism
o The attempt to present onstage people and events corresponding to those
observable in everyday life
o Seeks to construct truth
o Conventions of realism
Seeks to understand or reveal “truth”
Seeks to mirror everyday life
Reveals social problems
Avoids simple moral judgments
Avoids “neat” resolutions
o Emerged during the mid-19th century
“Box set” = illusion of 3 walls with doors and windows
Electrical stage lighting
Made everything onstage appear more 3D
Photography
Psychoanalysis
Liberalism
Enlightenment
Socialism
o Realism and theater history
1850 realism replaced romanticism
Between 1890-1915 European playwrights experimented with real-life
situations
Playwrights abandoned stock characters and contrived happy endings
o Major European playwrights
Henrik Ibsen
“Father of realism”
August Strindberg
Anton Chekov
o Dramaturgical techniques
Accurate depictions of people in plausible situations
Avoiding simple moral judgments or neat resolutions
o American realism
Easily resolved conflicts
Wrongdoers converted to virtue
Forced optimism
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Document Summary

Theater style = the distinctive manner in which a playwright chooses to describe, express, interpret or present their worldview: focuses on the appearance of a play. Realism: the attempt to present onstage people and events corresponding to those observable in everyday life, seeks to construct truth, conventions of realism. Avoids neat resolutions: emerged during the mid-19th century. Box set = illusion of 3 walls with doors and windows. Between 1890-1915 european playwrights experimented with real-life situations. Playwrights abandoned stock characters and contrived happy endings: major european playwrights. Accurate depictions of people in plausible situations. Avoiding simple moral judgments or neat resolutions: american realism. Theatricalism: a style of production and playwriting that emphasizes theatricality for its own sake, admits artifice of the stage, expands concept of non-realism, conventions. Reminds audiences they are watching a performance: emergence in the modern period. Drastic shift in the way people saw the world: history. Expressionism: attempt to use distortion in art.

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