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Chapter 11

Chapter 11 notes (book).odt

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Michigan State University
Criminal Justice
CJ 110

Chapter 11 notes (book) • The town of Thomson, Illinois is set to become the new home of terrorism detainees being held at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. • There are approximately 1,325 state prisons and 84 federal prisons in operation across the country today. • The United States incarcerates more people than any country in the world, including the far more populous nation of China • Todays high rate of imprisonment can be attributed to a number of historical factors: ◦ Astaunch “get tough on crime” philosophy that sweptAmerica during the mid to late twentieth century ◦ The nations war on drugs as well as a zero-tolerance policy toward illicit drugs, drug users, and drug sellers ◦ The increased use of punishments, including mandated prison terms for drug related felonies. ◦ Agrowing reluctant to release parolees in the face of fears about their likelihood of continued crime commission ◦ The new mandates in many jurisdictions requiring probation officers to report technical violations of the conditions of probation committed by those in their charge. ◦ The elimination of good time prison credits, resulting in longer prison stays for most offenders. ◦ The abandonment of discretionary parole release decisions and the concomitant elimination of parole boards in many states. ◦ The truth in sentencing legislative provisions requiring offenders to serve ever longer terms before release. ◦ The two and three strikes legislations, mandating lengthy or life sentences for repeat offenders • About 68% of state prisoners lack a high school diploma and roughly half are functionally illiterate • AnAfricanAmerican male living inAmerica today has a 32.3% lifetime chance of going to prison. • One out of every four state institutions is a large maximum security prison, with a population approaching 1,000 inmates. • Prison overcrowding can be measured along a number of dimensions: ◦ Space availabl
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