Chapter 11 notes (book)
• The town of Thomson, Illinois is set to become the new home of terrorism detainees being held
at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
• There are approximately 1,325 state prisons and 84 federal prisons in operation across the
• The United States incarcerates more people than any country in the world, including the far
more populous nation of China
• Todays high rate of imprisonment can be attributed to a number of historical factors:
◦ Astaunch “get tough on crime” philosophy that sweptAmerica during the mid to late
◦ The nations war on drugs as well as a zero-tolerance policy toward illicit drugs, drug users,
and drug sellers
◦ The increased use of punishments, including mandated prison terms for drug related
◦ Agrowing reluctant to release parolees in the face of fears about their likelihood of
continued crime commission
◦ The new mandates in many jurisdictions requiring probation officers to report technical
violations of the conditions of probation committed by those in their charge.
◦ The elimination of good time prison credits, resulting in longer prison stays for most
◦ The abandonment of discretionary parole release decisions and the concomitant elimination
of parole boards in many states.
◦ The truth in sentencing legislative provisions requiring offenders to serve ever longer terms
◦ The two and three strikes legislations, mandating lengthy or life sentences for repeat
• About 68% of state prisoners lack a high school diploma and roughly half are functionally
• AnAfricanAmerican male living inAmerica today has a 32.3% lifetime chance of going to
• One out of every four state institutions is a large maximum security prison, with a population
approaching 1,000 inmates.
• Prison overcrowding can be measured along a number of dimensions:
◦ Space availabl