Chapter 12 notes (book)
• Five elements of the prison code in 1960:
◦ Dont interfere with the interests of other inmates. Never rat on a con.
◦ Dont lose your head. Play it cool and do your own time.
◦ Dont exploit inmates. Dont steal. Dont break your word. Be right.
◦ Dont whine. Be a man.
◦ Dont be a sucker. Dont trust the guards or staff.
• Some criminologists have suggested that the prison code is simply a reflection of general
• The deprivation model of prison subcultures deprives prisoners of
◦ Goods and services
◦ Heterosexual Relationships
◦ Personal Security
• The Importation model of prison subculture suggests that inmates bring with them values, roles,
and behavior patterns from the outside world.
• Nine structural dimensions of inmate society:
◦ Prisoner-staff dichotomy
◦ Three general classes of prisoners
◦ Work gangs and cell house groupd
◦ Racial groups
◦ Type of offense
◦ Power of inmate politicians
◦ Degree of sexual abnormality
◦ Record of repeat offenses
◦ Personality differences due to pre-prison socialization
• Types of Prisoners:
◦ The mean dude
◦ The hedonist
◦ The opportunist
◦ The retreatist
◦ The legalist
◦ The radical
◦ The colonizer
◦ The religious
◦ The gang banger
◦ The realist
• Studies of sexual violence in prison provides the following observations:
◦ Most sexual aggressors do not consider themselves homosexual
◦ Sexual release is not the primary motivation for sexual attack
◦ Many aggressors must continue to participate in gang rapes to avoid becoming victims
◦ The aggressors have themselves suffered much damage to their masculinity in the past. • While they constitute only 13% of women in the United States, nearly 50% of women in prison
• Approximately 70% of all women under correctional supervision have at least one child
younger than 18 years old.
• Under the NIC report, recommendations for females in prison are:
◦ The creation of an effective system for female offenders that is structured differently from a
system for male offenders
◦ The development of gender responsive policies and practices targeting women's pathways to
criminality in order to provide effective interventions that address the inters