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Chapter 1

ISS 325 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Wu Xing

Integrative Studies Social Sci
Course Code
ISS 325

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ISS325 – Lecture 1 – Social Movement and Revolutions
In Revolutions and revolutionary Movements:
A revolutionary movement is a social movement in which
participants strive to drastically alter or totally replace existing social,
economic, or political institution.
Revolutionary movement are classified as leftist or
rightist by social scientists, in which left-wing revolution,
the central goal is widely perceived as changing major
social political institution, while in the right-wing
revolution, the main goal is to restore traditional
However, in general, revolution are difficult to
categorized as either totally liberal or totally
conservative, many revolutions include both leftist and
rightist characteristic.
Revolutionary Movement: Critical Factors.
Revolution will not be achieved without these five crucial factors
Mass Discontent and Popular Uprisings: A large
proportion of society’s population up against state
Dissident Elite Political Movements: division between
those who have access to wealth or power divide the
existing government
United from all classes: Unity between large
population and elites takes a great step on achieving
the revolutionary goal
Severe State Crisis: A devastating national crisis
paralyze the administrative and coercive capabilities of
the state
Permissive World Context: The government of other
nations, which has interest on the country where the
revolution is ongoing, does not interfere efficiently.
Theories of Revolution
A natural history of revolutions by evaluating specific phases that a
successful revolution includes.
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