Book Notes Ch. 1 And 2.docx

11 Pages
Unlock Document

JOURN 1100
Alecia Swasy

Jonathan Thompson Notes on Principles of American Journalism J1100 Chapter 1: “The Mirror, the Watchdog and the Marketplace  Sri Lankan newspaper editor Lasantha Wickramatunga murdered, and he knew it was coming  He helped expose government corruption  He was threatened  Why did Lasantha write the article?  “free media serves as a mirror  Sometimes image is bad  Stand up for people who cant do it themselves  The Historical Backdrop  The framers  Steeped in Enlightnment philosophy, especially John Locke • People, excercising readson, are best equipped to govern themselves and make sense of the competing turths in the marketplace of ideas. • Gov’t power must be harnessed in the service of the people  How does a free press help?  Press acts as a check on the gov’t • In English law, this is called “seditious libel”  Bill of Rights  James Madison  Declares freedom of speech and of press to be basic rights  Rodney Smolla  “America had, for the first time, put the people before the state….”  What Democracy needs from journalism  The mirror Jonathan Thompson Notes on Principles of American Journalism J1100  Where society can see itself, warts and all  The watchdog  Supposed to bark when those in power become corrupt, forget their roots and waste the people’s hard-earned money  The marketplace of ideas  The space where even unpopular causes and contrary views can get a hearing.  Five commonly discussed needs: • Information dissemination: Press has to make decisions about what we need to know to do our jobs as citizens in democracy, decisions that require editorial judgement. • Accountability: Refers to democracy’s need for some way to hold those in power responsible for their actions—actions that can affect all members of society. • Representation: In a democratic system, all people, not just those with the most education, money or influence, are visible to others and have the chance to be heard. • Deliberation and Conflict resoulution: Address democracy’s need for a forum in which the interests of the public can be aired and debated and conclusions can be reached.  When these duties go unfilled, democratic life is jeopardized.  The 1947 Commission of Freedom of the Press or Hutchins Commission :  Freedom of the press is essential to political liberty…  13 leading public intellectuals  Found freedom of press was failing due to the journalists.  “Social Responsibility theory”  How does the press fulfill those democratic needs?  1.1 Journalism Informs, Analyzes, Interprets and Explains  First it informs. Jonathan Thompson Notes on Principles of American Journalism J1100  News is more than mere information, it is the result of processes and judgments constructed through institutions devoted to newsgathering.  Persuading and selling is not the goal.  The goal is to share that information with others under the assumption that when citizens are properly informed, they will make sound decisions. • Example: New story in Ozarks, Mo. • Company wanted to build on top of this mountain. • Short news story led to protest and eventually the governer attacking the company, and the company haulting the project. • 4 lessons: ♦ 1. The power of producing a simple, short news story about something way under your audience’s radar. ♦ 2. The amzing changes that can happen when the public is informed about seemingloy routine events. ♦ 3. The ovjective journalist’s role as a reporter of straight news. ♦ 4. The value of setting up a beat and getting to know sources who may contact you with tips.  1.2 Journalism Investigates th  Hasn’t always. Investigative press we know today is late 20 century creation.  Stuff of investigative journalism… • Documents, facts, eyewitnesses, adversarial tone at the heart of IJ, • Have to be independent observer as well as impassioned adversarial watchdog. ♦ Example: Investigative needs to use documents to find information, and use the interview process as an explanation time.  1.3 Journalism Creates a Public Conversation  Democracy requires a public forum where people can speak freely about gov’t without gov’t interference.  Journalism must provide this public sphere. Jonathan Thompson Notes on Principles of American Journalism J1100 • Example ♦ Brought up issue of city making profit off of land ♦ Didn’t cause change but gave people information ♦ Supposed to start conversation  1.4 Journalism Helps Generate Social Empathy  Set boundaries of societal behavior  Must do more than informing about voting and bills  Example: • Parents leaving kids in car • Most people hate the parents • Article gives parents side, shows it happens to every sex, race, age, education  1.5 Journalism Encourages Accountability  Accountability ought to be a two-way street in journalism  Must be a self-correcting mechanism-must fix itself on the fly  No information or person in infallible  “Fourth estate” or fourth branch of gov’t  2 types of accountability • Horizontal: Refers to the capacity of instituitions to check one another • Vertical: Seed to enforce standards of performance on officials.  Example: • Dana Priest and Walter Reed Armu Medical Center • Unhealthy living situation for recovering army men • Hospital had “show rooms” but actual hospital was bad • Took 4 months to gain trust to run story • Helped soldiers recovering conditions Jonathan Thompson Notes on Principles of American Journalism J1100  Can Journalism Provide What Democracy Needs?  Our democracy, in general, is shaped by the views of people  Public should govern themselves but there are skeptics. • “Public Intellectualist” Walter Lippmann thought self-governance was incapable with bias newspaper and not smart people. • Thought the press could make things worse because bias, education and background would filter things before it got to where it needed to get to.  Was understandable after the propaganda of world war II, but John Dewey had a different view: • Dewey acknowledged Lippman might be right about the limited capacity of people, he was wrong about democracy. • If one sees democracy as an ongoing education of how to be a citizen, then it will be ok.  Lippman and Dewey in comparison to the metaphors and functions we’ve discussed • Lippman argues the press could not act as a mirror or watchdog ♦ The press would have difficulty fulfilling the informing and accountability functions. • Dewey focused on the market place of ideas ♦ That journalists are to create conversation and generate empathy.  Must Journalism Provide What Democracy Needs?  Assumptions of the mirror, the watchdog, and the marketplace: • All assume the press’s key allegiance is to the public, and not those that wield power. • Assume that the press is free to act in all those ways. ♦ “Free” from government control  Hutchins Commision –A Free and Responsible Press—conlcusions • 1. “provide a truthful, comprehensive and intelligent account of the day’s events in a context which fives them meaning. Jonathan Thompson Notes on Principles of American Journalism J1100 • 2. “Serve as a forum for the exchange of comment and criticism • 3. “Project a representative picture of the constituent froups in the society • 4. “Present and clarify the goals and values of the society • 5. “Provide full access to the day’s intelligence”  Press was mad that it threatened something constitutionally protected, but became an important part of an ongoing conversation about journalism  Scholars argue media can’t be
More Less

Related notes for JOURN 1100

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.