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Chapter 10-11

PSY 1410 Chapter 10-11: Unit 4 - Chapter 10 and 11 - Study Guide


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 1410
Professor
Dr.Fromuth
Chapter
10-11

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Unit 4 Exam Study Guide
Chapter 10
Developmental Psychology (definition)
The study of continuity and change in physical, cognitive, and social abilities across the
life span.
Zygote (and survival rate)
Fertilized egg that contains chromosomes from both a sperm and egg.
Germinal Stage
Two-week period that begins at conception.
Embryonic Stage
Period that lasts from 2nd week until about the 8th week.
Fetal Stage
Period that lasts from the 9th week until birth.
Chromosomes (number)
46
XY = Male
XX = Female
Teratogen
Agents that damage the process of development such as drugs and viruses.
Nutrition = health psychologically and physically
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

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Development disorder that stems from heavy alcohol use by the mother during
pregnancy.
Tobacco Smoke
Premature birth, low birth weight, bronchitis, asthma, pneumonia.
Habituation
Piaget (Father of Developmental Psychology)
Created stages of cognitive development.
Stages of Cognitive Development (order)
Sensorimotor
Infants acquire information about the world by sensing it and moving around
within it.
Preoperational
Children have a preliminary understanding of the physical world.
Concrete Operational
Children learn how various actions or operations can affect or transform concrete
objects.
Formal Operational
Children can solve non-physical problems and show hypothetical and abstract
thinking.
Schemas
Theories about or models of the way the world works.
Assimilation

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Process by which infants apply their schemas in novel situations. New experiences are
incorporated into existing schemas.
Accommodation
The process by which infants revise their schemas in light of new information.
Broadening their understanding.
Object Permanence
Idea that objects continue to exist even when they are not visible.
Egocentrism
Difficulty viewing the world from someone else’s point of view.
Conservation
Notion that the quantitative properties of an object are invariant despite changes in the
object’s appearance.
Theory of Mind
Point at which the child understands that they and others have minds and that these minds
represent the world in different ways.
Abstract Thinking
Hypothetical Thinking
Lev Vygotsky
Believed that children develop through interactions with members of their culture.
Joint Attention
Allows children to learn from others.
Harry Harlow and Attachment Theory
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