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Chapter 1

SW 312 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Eurocentrism, Intercultural Competence, Class Discrimination


Department
Social Work
Course Code
SW 312
Professor
Richard Tyler- Walker, Jr.
Chapter
1

Page:
of 7
Chapter 1: Cultural Diversity and Implications for Multicultural Social Work Practice
There are many aspects of diversity
oRace
oEthnicity
oCountry of origin
oCulture
oReligious/spiritual belief
oPolitical beliefs
oAge
oSexual orientation/identity
oGender/gender identity/expression
oAbility/disability/mental illness
oSocioeconomic status/social class
oImmigration status/documentation status
It is often very difficult for those in power to understand the lived realities of those who
are disempowered or marginalized
oPower and privilege blind people to life circumstances of those who are not
privileged
oFor example, men do not have to understand women to survive and do well in a
male-dominated corporate setting. Women, however, must understand the male
perspective to succeed in the world of work.
oWhite Americans do not need to understand people of color to prosper in this
society. In contrast, for people of color to survive and do well, they must
understand the worldviews of their white counterparts.
As social workers, we must understand the worldviews of the clients we hope to serve
oWe must not allow power and privilege to prevent us from understanding how
socially devalued groups in this society must contend with the constant indignities
and insults visited upon them.
Prejudice and discrimination are not things of the past; they maintain in today’s culture.
oThey are not only manifested through individual acts of overt racism, but can also
be reflected in:
Sue, D. W., Rasheed, M. N., & Rasheed, J. M. (2016). Cultural diversity and implications for
multicultural social work practice. Multicultural social work practice. (pp. 3-27).
Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Government leadership
Educational systems
Places of employment
Media
Etc.
Cultural competence: the ability to effectively and respectfully provide services cross-
culturally
Diversification of the United States and Implications for Social Work
U.S. society reflects a broadening and rich cultural diversity context
oChanging racial and ethnic demographics
oChanging sociocultural experiences of different populations of people
The Great Recession: late 2007; sharp downturns in U.S. stock, housing, and labor
markets
oHad a devastating impact on the lives of all Americans, but particularly
marginalized populations.
High poverty rates make children particularly vulnerable to neglect and abuse in the
home
Economic conditions have resulted in limited funds for public schools, social service
programs, and community health centers
Older adults are more vulnerable to the negative effects of the current economic crisis
oThis is a growing concern as the baby boomer population ages
oOlder adults are increasingly vulnerable to government policies and changes in
regard to social security and pension funds that reduce their benefits and
protection as they begin their retirement years
oVictimized by ageism
Poverty is highly concentrated among racial and ethnic minority groups
Ethnic minority groups are growing at disproportionately higher rates than the current
majority non-Hispanic white group
oProjections estimate that people of color will constitute a numerical majority
sometime between 2030 and 2050
oDue to two areas: increasing immigration rates and differential birthrates
Sue, D. W., Rasheed, M. N., & Rasheed, J. M. (2016). Cultural diversity and implications for
multicultural social work practice. Multicultural social work practice. (pp. 3-27).
Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
The current immigration rates are the highest in U.S. history
oIncludes documented immigrants, undocumented immigrants, and refugees
Ethnic minorities are more likely to live in poverty, have higher mortality rates, and
experience higher rates of chronic illness and greater behavioral risk
oThere are cultural barriers that limit certain minority groups’ access to health and
mental health services
Example: language is one barrier (English/Spanish/Etc.)
There are approximately nine million LGBTQ+ Americans
oAlthough strides have been made, many more issues are still being faced.
Bullying, negativity, fear, hatred, violence, sexual assault, discrimination
The Multiple Dimensions of Human Identity
Care must be taken to avoid microaggressions
oOne example is “colorblind racism,” where someone claims they “don’t see race”
or that “we’re all the same under the skin”
oComments like these ignore the importance of a person’s racial or cultural
background, and contributes to the discrimination against or forced invisibility of
people of color
oRace, culture, and other group dimensions do influence a person’s identity,
values, beliefs, behaviors, and perceptions of reality; it is important to
acknowledge this
Another issue is the inclusive or exclusive nature of culture
oInclusive definitions of culture (ones that include gender, disability, sexual
orientation, etc.) can obscure the understanding and study of race as a powerful
dimension of human existence
oBy using a more inclusive definition of culture, race becomes less salient, and we
are able to avoid addressing problems of racial prejudice, racial discrimination,
and systemic racial oppression
oThat being said, many groups often feel rightly excluded from the multicultural
debate due to an exclusive definition of culture
oEnhancing multicultural understanding and sensitivity means balancing our
awareness of the sociopolitical forces that dilute the importance of race, on the
one hand, with our need to acknowledge the existence of other group identities
Sue, D. W., Rasheed, M. N., & Rasheed, J. M. (2016). Cultural diversity and implications for
multicultural social work practice. Multicultural social work practice. (pp. 3-27).
Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com