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Art - History
ARTH 1111
Timothy Orwig

ARTH 1/28▯ ▯ Review▯ 21-19 Masaccio- tribute money: influenced michaelangelo, imitation and emulation.  the arrangement of the popele is a circle around jesus, but no one has a specific place, very natural looking.  the light comes in from the side onto the central group, throwing some of the characters into shadow.  Background has depth and extension of space.▯ ▯ 21-12 Donatello - David: first free standing statue since antiquity.  sculpture begins to assert it’s identity as a separate art form.  Nudity portrays biblical heroism.  ▯ ▯ 21-31 Brunelleschi - loggia: mathematically planned▯ ▯ 12-33: “    ▯ “ : mathematically planned, all units are exactly replicated, uses a cubical module.▯ ▯ 21-41 Perugino - Christ delivering the keys of the kingdom: classical buildings, stairs lifting up the temple.  Central planned church in the background.  Roman Arches on either side.  Linear perspective.  Blurred mountains in far background.  Christ establishes the church and gives the key to wait peter, birth of the vatican myth.▯ ▯ 21-45 Alberti - facade: Elements of central plan,still has a basilica form.  facade is geometrical modules, combination of the roman temple and the triumphal arch.  Pilasters.  Doesn’t agree with walls separate from columns.  ▯ ▯ 21-49 Mantegna - Camera picta: playful, foreshortening, illusionistic ceiling.  One of the glories of the baroque era.  ▯ ▯ Cinqacento Italy▯ ▯ Patrons: the popes.▯ Rome replaces florence as epicenter of renaissance.  ▯ Leonardo Di Vinci, Raffaelo, Michelangelo, Buonarroti, Bramante, Bellini, Giogione, Titian, Palladio▯ ▯ 22-2 Da Vinci - Madonna of the rocks: intimate vs. posed, uses composition to express intimacy, orders images so the figure work together, baby jesus leans toward the there figures, mary directs her hands at both children.  Circular arrangement of figures in an overly triangular composition.  Levels of detail and lighting between figures and background is similar.  ▯ ▯ 22-3 Da Vinci - cartoon of madonna and child: charcoal on paper.  Produced not as a finished piece but as the beginnings of a piece.  Sketches in general were very integrated in all areas of studies, involved in discovery.  Some of the first pieces to be seen on paper, which is now cheaper and more available.  ▯ ▯ 22-3A Da Vinci - the vitruvian Man: classical ideas of proportionality, in reference to the human figure and applied to sculpture and architecture.  Central point in the navel.  Important to humanism, makes man the center of all things.  ▯ ▯ 22-4 Da Vinci - the last supper: illusionistic nature, lots of depth, emotionality of the figures, highly organized.  Christ is very peaceful, has moved on to the communion, pointing to the cup and the bread, the still center of all the movement.  Judas’ face is in shadow, his hand on the table clutching the money bag.  Compositionally, there is linear perspective with a vanishing point right behind christ’s head, landscape through the windows, only arched element in the painting is on the window above jesus’s head, implicating a halo.  Experimented with different mediums, so the painting is in bad shape.  ▯ ▯ 22-5 Da Vinci - Mona Lisa: lighting all works together, mysterious landscape.  As a portrait, looks directly at you, not usually seen in portraits of females, no jewelry, no gown, very simple.  ▯ ▯ 22-6 Da vinci - The fetus and Lining of the Uterus: exploration of the human body, artists did a lot of dissection to understand anatomy. First anatomical section, important milestone in medical history.  ▯ ▯ 22-7 Raphael - Marriage of the virgin: central planned building modually planned in the background.  Foreground depicts Joseph marrying mary.  yellowness is a characteristic of the artist.▯ ▯ 22-8 Raphael  - madonna in the meadow: Baby actually looks like a baby.  reminiscent of the murders of the two children.  ▯ ▯ 22-9 Raphael - Philosophy:  A lot of emphasis on humanism and intellectuals.  takes place in the vatican palace.  Not a single religious figure in the piece, all philosophers.  Philosopher looks to the heavens, scientist points to the earth. Commissioned by pope Julius, from julius caesar.  ▯ ▯ 22-10A Raphael - Castiglione: portrait of the author, book on advancement.▯ ▯ 22-10 Raphael - Pope leo and cardinals: metucci now in charge of the papacy, all in the picture are part of the family. All do not look at each other because all the humanists are lost in deep intellectual thought.  Cooper finial denotes northern renaissance.  The artist can be seen in the reflection.  ▯ ▯ 22-12 Michelangelo - Pieta: Sensuality to the work, mary and jesus of almost the same age, seems to be something more than just a mother and a child.  Sexuality is an important and disturbing element.▯ ▯ 22-20 Michelangelo - Peita(2nd): 50 years later, michelangelo is older at the time, got upset with the piece and started smashing it.  Jesus’s left leg has been detached.  Since the left leg would have been across mary’s thigh, it intimates a sexual nature between mother and son.  The top figure is a self portrait, which is a little troubling because there is no separation between him and jesus, implicating that he has no need for a church.  Michelangelo’s composition is different in that it is more natural, more spontaneous.  Figures are much less proportional, arms are
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