POLI SCI 351 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1.3: Mandatory Palestine, Ottoman Empire, Abdul Hamid Ii

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CULTURAL RENAISSANCE
- During the second half of the 19th century, there was a full fledged cultural
renaissance in the region, asking how the Middle East and Northern Africa
had came to be dominated by the Great Powers
- Nahda
- Mid 19th to mid 20th century
- Arabic literary renaissance
- Newspapers were introduced, allowing Arabic intellectuals to
disseminate political thoughts and theorys -- people were questioning
everything
- Sparked Arab nationalism in the Ottoman empire -- main thinkers said
that Arab society wouldn’t be able to evolve until it threw off
“Turkish” dominance
- Islamic Modernism
- Rethink Islamic practice and doctrines in the context of the changing
political, technological and economic climate of the Middle East
- Thought that Muslims had strayed from the true essence of Islam, and
had caused Muslim society to decline
- Thought that this has happened b/c people in the past had seen
Islamic law as a set thing, and had just blindly followed the
political dynamic of the time in “blind imitation:
- Islamic modernists thought Islamic law was never settled -- that
the solutions to their political problems could be found by
returning to the foundation of Islam
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