POLI SCI 351 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3.3: Kefaya, Government Executive, Presidential System

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EGYPT:
- Broad Overview:
- Until 2011, Egypt was governed by an authoritarian system and a
strong executive, with judiciary, parliament and the bureaucratic
branches subservient to varying degrees (president is Mubarak)
- Since the uprisings in 2011, Egypt now has a new Constitution, a new
President, Mubarak is in jail. The shape of the new regime is still
unclear.
- Historical Background:
- Until 1914, Egypt was a province of the Ottoman Empire
- Britain occupied the country in 1882, but didn’t declare a protectorate
over it until World War I
- 1919 Uprising - leaders formed a political party called the Wafd and
British ceded limited independence to them so that for the next 30
years, Egypt had both monachalial and democratic features - legally
an independent state but British continued to play a strong role
- Muslim brotherhood - another mass political movement that emerged
in the 1930s
- 1952: military officers seized power and deposed king and abolished
monarchy and military comes into power establishing Egypt’s highly
centralized presidential system with a single political party
- A repressive regime, but they still catered to popular needs in
order to build governing legitimacy
- Nasser’s Government
- Executive office is an unchecked
- There is a parliament but only one political party
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