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SCA-UA 1 Chapter Notes - Chapter All: Frederick Winslow Taylor, Scientific Management


Department
Social and Cultural Analysis
Course Code
SCA-UA 1
Professor
Singh Nikhil
Chapter
All

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Frederick Winslow Taylor, The Principles of Scientific Management
Introduction:
“we have but vaguely appreciated the importance of “the larger question of increasing our
national efficiency” (1)
“We can see our forests vanishing, our water-powers going to waste, our soil being carried by
floods into the sea; and the end of our coal and our iron is in sight. But our larger wastes of
human effort, which go on every day through such of our acts as are blundering, ill-directed, or
inefficient, and which Mr. Roosevelt refers to as a, lack of "national efficiency," are less visible,
less tangible, and are but vaguely appreciated” (1).
“what we are all looking or...is the readymade competent man; the man whom some one else has
trained” (1)
it is only when we fully realize that our duty, as well as our opportunity, lies in
systematically cooperating to train and to make this competent man, instead of in hunting
for a man whom some one else has trained, that we shall be on the road to national
efficiency” (1)
“no great man can hope to compete with a number of ordinary men who have been
properly organized so as efficiently to cooperate” (2)
Purpose of the paper:
(1) “to point out, through a series of illustrations, the great loss which the whole country
is suffering through inefficiency [in all of our daily acs]” (2)
(2) “to try to convince the reader that the remedy for this inefficiency lies in systematic
management, rather than in searching for some unusual or extraordinary man
(3) “to prove that the best management is a true science, resting upon defined … laws,
rules and principles, as a foundation” (2)
further → “show that the fundamental principles individual acts
to the work of our great corporations, which call for the most
elaborate cooperation” (2)
Chapter 1: Fundamental of Scientific Management
The principal object of management should be to secure the maximum prosperity for the
employer, coupled with the maximum prosperity for each employee” (2)
Is this even possible?
Maximum Prosperity: “not only large dividends for the company or owner, but the development
of every branch of the business to its highest state of excellence, so that the prosperity may be
permanent.” (2)
in the same way maximum prosperity for each employee means not only higher wages
than are usually received by men of his class, but, of more importance still, it is also
means the development of each man to this state of maximum efficiency, so that hey may
be able to do...the highest grade of work for which his natural abilities fit him” (2)
maximum prosperity for the employer, coupled with maximum prosperity for the
employee, ought to be the two leading objects of management” (2)
“majority of these men believe that the fundamental interests of employees and
employers are necessarily antagonistic
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