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Introductory Film Terms Defined

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Ohio State University
Dana Renga

film terms Bethany Entenmann Wed Jan 15 16:59:31 CST 2014 angle of framing the position of the frame in relation to the subject it shows; looking down is high angle; looking up is low angle; same level is straight- on angle. Also called camera angle. canted framing A view in which the frame is not level; either the right or the left side is lower than the other, causing objects in the scene to appear slanted out of an upright position. Cinematography A general term for all the manipulations of the film strip by the camera in the shooting phase and by laboratory in the developing stage. close-up framing in which the scale of the object shown is relatively large; most commonly a person's head from the neck up closure the degree to which the ending of a narrative film reveals the effects of all the causal events and resolves/closes off all lines of action continuity editing system of cutting to maintain continuous and clear narrative action; matches screen direction, position, and temporal relations from shot to shot crane shot a shot with a change in framing accomplished by placing the camera above the subject and moving through the air in any direction Crosscutting editing that alternates shots of two or more lines of action occurring in different places, usually simultaneously cut the joining of two strips of film together with a splice an instantaneous change from one framing to the other deep focus a use of the camera lens and lighting that keeps objects in both close and distant places in sharp focus deep space an arrangement of the mise-en-scene elements so that there is a considerable distance between the plane closest to the camera and the one farthest away diegetic sound any voice, musical passage, or sound effect presented as originating from a source within the film's world discontinuity editing an alternative system of joining shots together using techniques unacceptable within continuity editing principles dissolve a transition between two shots in which the first image gradually disappears while the second gradually appears dolly a camera support with wheels, used in making tracking shots dubbing the process of replacing all or part of the voices on the sound track in order to correct mistakes or rerecord dialogue editing the task of selecting and joining camera shots the set of techniques that governs the relations between shots establishing shot a shot, usually involving a distant framing, that shows the spatial relations among important figures, objects, and setting in a scene extreme close-up a framing in which the scale of the object shown is very large extreme long shot a framing in which the scale of the object shown is very small eyeline match shows subject looking off-camera at something, then cuts to what they were looking at fade 1. fade-in: a dark screen that gradually brightens as a shot appears 2. fade-out: a shot gradually disappears as the screen darkens flashback an alteration of story order in which the plot moves back to show events that have taken place earlier than the ones already shown flash-forward an alteration of story order in which the plot presentation moves forward to future events and then returns to the present following shot a shot with framing that shifts to keep a moving figure onscreen frame a single image on a strip of film handheld camera the use of the camera operator's body as a camera support, either by hand or with a harness high-key lighting illumination that creates comparatively little contrast between the light and dark areas of the shot jump cut an elliptical cut that appears to be an interruption of a single shot; either the figures change against a constant background or the background changes behind the figures long shot framing in which the scale of the subject shown is small long take a shot that continues for an
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