Chapter 1: Abnormal Psychology Past & Present
• The scientific study of abnormal behavior in an effort to describe, predict, explain, and change
abnormal patterns on functioning
• What is abnormal? How to define what is NOT normal?
• What would you have to take into account?
• Culture, Time, etc.
• The Four D’s – are these enough to be abnormal?
• eviance – deviance from NORMS as defined by a particular culture
Homosexuality in Russia.
Arab Men greeting – Nose kissing
Distress – abnormal behavior, thoughts, & emotions often cause the individual to feel some distress
Dysfunction – interfering with daily function
Basic grooming, Work/Social Life, Injury
Danger – posing a threat to others or oneself
People with mental illness are violent
They really aren’t
• Historical Treatment
• Early concepts – evil spirits, demonic possession
o Trephination – circular sections of skulls cut with stone tools found in the stone age
Greek and Roman views
Medical model – mental illness is something associate with the imbalances within the body.
Middle Ages (5001350 AD)
Back to demonism
IN EUROPE: rise of the church, rejection on scientific inquiry
Plagues, Famine, war, and disease take a toll
Exorcism continues as a form of treatment, this method was losing ground in the catholic church. The Renaissance and the rise of Asylums
Medical is back
Asylums emerge as treatment centers
Intention was to give humor care
Overcrowded and unstaff