EdPsy014 Chapter 11 Book Notes.docx

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Educational Psychology
Raine Sperling

Chapter 11:A Classroom Model for Promoting Student Motivation Creating a Mastery-Focused Classroom • Mastery-focused classroom – a classroom environment that emphasizes effort, continuous improvement, and understanding o Created high levels of interest with concrete examples o Emphasized understanding o Promoted cooperation instead of competition as students studied the topic • Performance-focused classroom- a classroom environment that emphasizes high grades, public displays of ability, and performance compared to others The Teacher: Personal Qualities that Increase Motivation to Learn • Personal teaching efficacy- teachers’beliefs that they can help all students learn, regardless of their prior knowledge, ability, or personal backgrounds • Collective efficacy- beliefs that the faculty as a whole in a school can have a positive effect on student learning • Student motivation increases if you model your own interest in what you’re teaching. • Caring- a teacher’s empathy and investment in the protection and development of young people o Meet students need for belonging o Particularly important for boys and newcomer immigrant youth • Communicate positive expectations o Self-fulfilling prophecy – a phenomenon that occurs when a person’s performance results from and confirms beliefs about his or her capabilities Learning Climate: Creating a Motivating Environment • Positive learning climate- a classroom climate in which the teacher and students work together as a community of learners to help everyone achieve o Goal: promote students’feelings of safety and security, together with a sense of success, challenge, and understanding o Order and safety- a learning climate variable that creates a predictable learning environment and supports learner autonomy together with a sense of physical and emotional security  Importance is explained at three levels: • Establishing equilibrium – safe, orderly, predictable environment • Students’needs – safety is a deficiency need; also, students feel more autonomous (an innate need) • Human memory- safe environment allows kids to focus working memory space on learning tasks rather than ways to avoid criticism, ridicule, or threat o Success: Developing Self-Efficacy  Needs to indicate learning progress and accomplishing tasks, not just high grades and performing better than others o Challenge: Increasing Perceptions of Competence  Developing a sense of competence is an innate need, and seeing our competence increase is intrinsically motivating o Task Comprehension: Increasing
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