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ENGL 442 Chapter Notes - Chapter excerpts: Wace, Layamon, The Roots

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Spring 2015

Department
English
Course Code
ENGL 442
Professor
Caroline D.Eckhardt
Chapter
excerpts

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Layamon Brut
Tuesday, January 27, 2015
11:13 AM
Working Group = me, Kendall, Erik, Lisa, Jennifer - Shepard's Play 2
Latin is the root for: French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Romanian,
Provencal, Occitan
oThe roots for Latin allow for it to be in any order word-wise unlike English where
the order is much more important.
Chronicles were written in many places all over the world during the Middle Ages
because the desire to chronicle history was of the utmost importance in the oral tradition.
Much of the Early British chronicles were in Latin before the language evolved due to
invaders such as Anglo, Anglo-Norman, Anglo-Saxon, etc.
Latin and French dominates Chronicles up until 1150-1155 and with Brut, we now have
Layamon 1200
oMany people claimed it was true, but some of the most learned historians
suggested that the Arthurian portions prove its invalidity.
Lawman writes about himself in the prologue as a priest who went all over the land
looking for the sources to write this history.
When Lawman talks about the inspiration to write this history, he is talking about it in the
historical idea of inspiration as a more spiritual and concrete idea; one where the world is
the 2nd Word of God and those who are called to write within it, inspired by God, are
speaking for him and their text is beyond the realm of opinion.
Geoffrey of M. 1135-37
Wace 1150
Layamon1200
Prose Brut 14th-15th century written in French, Latin, and Middle English
Paratactic narrative: clusters of text tethered by short junctures such as "but" and "then"
that didn’t exist in the original text (essentially functioning as punctuation.)
In the English language, we don't really need the letter "c" we could have just stuck with
"s" and "k".
The theme that Guinevere is unfaithful to Arthur is in all versions of Arthurian legend,
pre-dating the inclusion of Lancelot in the 12th century.
Romans conquer the Celts and the Saxons conquer both who are in turn conquered by
the Normans.
oThe Normans were friends with those from Brittany (in modern day France) The
Normans helped restore ancient Celtic traditions and Arthur was originally
represented as a Celtic warrior.

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Layamon Brut Tuesday, January 27, 2015 11:13 AM Working Group = me, Kendall, Erik, Lisa, Jennifer - Shepard's Play 2 • Latinis the root for: French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Romanian, Provencal, Occitan o The roots for Latin allow for it to be in any order word-wise unlike English where the order is much more important. • Chronicles were written in many places all over the world during the Middle Ages because the desire to chronicle history was of the utmost importance in the oral tradition. Much of the Early British chronicles were in Latin before the language evolved due to invaders such as Anglo, Anglo-Norman, Anglo-Saxon, etc. • Latin and French dominates Chronicles up until 1150-1155 and with Brut, we now have Layamon 1200 o Many people claimed it was true, but some of the most learned historians suggested that the Arthurian portions prove its invalidity. • Lawman writes about himself in the prologue as a priest who went all over the land looking for the sources to write this history. • When Lawman talks about the inspiration to write this history, he is talking
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