Hollister chapter 2

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Department
History
Course
HIST 1191
Professor
Janelle Greenberg
Semester
Fall

Description
HIST 1191 notes – Hollister chapter 2 – page 1 2: Conversion and Unification: Anglo-Saxon England to the Death of King Alfred (899) Roman political institutions survived in organization of the Church (altered) Anglo­Saxons not targeted for Christian conversion  Irish Sea bordering countries flourished under Christianity Disparate cultures ­­ no "Celtic Church" Despite lack of unity in Celtic Christianity, Irish monasticism one of the great organizing  forces of the early medieval Two persistent Roman institutions in Western Europe: monasticism and papacy Types of monasticism: eremitic (hermit) and cenobitic (communal) 3rd century: resurgence of monasticism 5th century: shift from eremitic to communal Benedict wrote important monastic rules ­ surprisingly moderate St. Gregory the Great was Pope 590­604 Sent St. Augustine and missionaries to England 597 Ethelbert of Kent converted, Christianity spread to nearby provinces, as did literacy  (scriptural emphasis) First to issue written laws ­ coincidence? English pagan customs permitted if not in conflict with Christianity Pagan reaction 616 after death of Ethelbert in SE England Bernician & Deiran kingdoms fought for control of Northumbria  Bernician Edwin won, converted, died; Deiran Oswald/Oswy took over with Irish variant  of Christianity Synod of Whitby decided Easter date at odds with Roman date Bede built it up to be a way bigger deal than it really was to further his agenda ­ proving  that it was divine will for England to be Christian (and follow the pope) Idea of gens Anglorum propagated by Bede but likely originated with Pope Gregory the  Great in his ignorance of England Nowhere close to one English people Theodore of Tarsus talked into being archbishop of Canterbury ­ restructured into a more  hierarchical system & centralized administration Inverse of Roman politics underlying spiritual unity Theodore & Hadrian brought Mediterranea
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