Fortescue reading notes

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Department
History
Course
HIST 1191
Professor
Janelle Greenberg
Semester
Fall

Description
HIST 1191 notes – Fortescue reading Fortescue "On the Laws and Gov't of England" ed. Shelley Lockwood chapters I, VIII,  IX, XII, XIII, XVII, XVIII • Fortescue I o Under what circumstances and for what purposes did he write this work?  Henry VI's son, prior to taking the throne, was more prone to  fighting than understanding justice and its place in royal duties  Author "aged knight" ­> chancellor writing to remind prince of his  duty to enforce law and justice  Strong religious influence • IX o What differences did he find between a king ruling "politically" and a king  ruling "royally"?  Ruling politically includes consent of the governed; ruling royally  is a slippery slope into despotism, in which the king uses only his  legitimacy as royalty to set whatever laws he likes • XIII o How did kingdoms that were ruled royally begin?  Elites subjugated their neighbors and exerted power over them; the  rules they set eventually became codified into laws  The subjugated thought it better to have the protection of one elite  than to be vulnerable to others and submitted to the elite's  hegemony and laws
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