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Chapter 7

05:300:383 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Problem Solving, List Of Bluetooth Profiles, Behavior Modification

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Cynthia Bott

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Introduction to Special Education - Chapter 7 - Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
IDEA 2004 federal definition: ED
- “Emotionally disturbed” [note: this is the official term but outdated in that it is not appropriate to use to
describe someone]
- “A condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a
marked degree that adversely affects a child’s educational performance:
- An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors
- An inability to maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers
- Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances
- A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression
- A tendency to develop physical symptoms related to fears associated with personal or school
- ED includes schizophrenia; it does not apply to children who are socially maladjusted, unless it is
determined they have an emotional disturbance.
Problems with ED Definition
- “Inability to learn” confuses issue with (LD) Learning disabilities
- “Inability to build or maintain satisfactory relationships with teachers or peers” suggests social
adjustment problems, but later, social maladjustment is present as an exclusionary criterion
How many children/adolescents have emotional/behavioral disorders?
There is not firm number that answers this question.
- Answer depends on whether you are just talking about students served under IDEA or more generally
about children and adolescents with serious mental health needs
- ED accounts for approximately 5% of all students ages 3-21 served under IDEA (US DOE, 2013-2014
school year statistics)
- Many experts agree that roughly 4-6% of the overall student population have very serious mental health
(psychiatric) needs that limit their day-to-day functioning
- Research shows that close to 20% of youth have some kind of mental health issue requiring formal
EBD - Causes
- It is difficult to determine the specific causes of EBD, but relationships between some causal factors
and EBD are emerging:
- physical/emotional/sexual abuse (ex. Lisa 911 call
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u-7J5akhSA8 )
- Risk factors in: biology, home and community, and school
EBD - 3 Categories
- Externalizing [behavior towards others]
- Internalizing [ex: self harm, eating disorders, anxiety]
- Low-incidence [schizophrenia]
EBD - Warning Signs
- Problem behaviors are identifiable by age 3 and often stable by age 8
- Overt (e.g. bullying) and covert (e.g. stealing) antisocial activities are becoming behavior problems
- Problems are happening across settings (at home, at school, and in the community)
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