Keywords for Chp 7,8,14.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
01:790:103
Professor
Professor Nappen
Semester
Summer

Description
 Presidential Qualifications: DerivedfromArticleIISectionI:Natural BornCitizen-35Years Old-Resident oftheU.S.for14 years  22ndAmendment:Ratifiedin1951,thisamendment restrictsthepresidenttotwotermsinoffice  Impeachment:ThepowerdelegatedtotheHouseofRepresentativesintheconstitutiontocharge thepresident,vicepresidentorothercivilofficerswithtreason,briberyorotherhighcrimes and misdemeanors.Firststepinremovingsuchofficials fromoffice  ExecutivePrivilege: Animpliedpresidentialpower,notexplicitlymentionedintheconstitution, butupheldbytheSupremeCourtinU.S.v.Nixon,thatthePresidentcanrefusetodisclose informationregardingconfidentialconversationsornationalsecuritytocongress orthe judiciary.  USvNixon:1974SupremeCourtrulingonpowerof thepresident,holdingthat noabsolute constitutionalexecutiveallowsapresidenttorefusetocomplywithacourtordertoproduce informationneededinacriminaltrial.  Twenty-fifthamendment: Adoptedin1967toestablishproceduresforfillingvacanciesinthe office of president and vice president as well as providing for procedures to deal with the disabilityofapresident  Cabinet:Theformalbodyofpresidential adviserswhoheadthe15executivedepartments. Presidentsoftenaddothers tothisbodyofformal advisers  Executiveagreements:Formalinternationalagreementsenteredintobythepresidentthatdonot requiretheadviceandconsentoftheU.S.Senate  Veto:Thepresident'sconstitutionalpowertoturndownalaw.  Presidentialveto:maybeoverriddenbyatwo-thirdsvoteofeachhouseofCongress  WarPowersResolution:Passedin1973as areactiontoVietnam.ThePresident mustconsult withCongressbeforeusingmilitaryforceandforcesa withdrawaloftroopsafter60daysunless Congressdeclares war.  Pardon:Executivegrantproceedingrestorationofall rightsandprivilegesofcitizenshiptoa specifyindividualchargedorconvictedofacrime  InherentPowers:PowersnotspecifiedintheConstitutionorthelawbutsaidtostemfromthe "rights,dutiesandobligationsofthepresidency"  ExecutiveOfficeofthePresident(EOP):Mini-bureaucracytohelpthePresident overseethe executivebranchbureaucracy  OfficeofManagementandBudget(OMB): Afederal govt.officethatmanagesthefederal budget,workingoutoftheexecutiveofficeofthepresident  Executiveorder:Ruleorregulationissuedbythepresidentthathastheeffectofthelaw.All ordersmustbepublishedintheFederalRegister.  Signingstatements:Whenthepresidentsigns abill,theywriteabriefstatement,  Federalbureaucracy:Thousandsoffederal gotagenciesandinstitutionsthatimplementand administerfederallawsandprograms  Spoilssystem:Thefiringofpublic-officeholdersofadefeatedpoliticalpartytoreplacethem withloyalistsofnewlyelectedparty  Patronage:Jobs,grants,or otherspecial favorsthat aregiventofriends andpoliticalalliesin exchange for their support.  PendletonAct:Reformmeasurethatestablishedtheprincipleoffederalemploymentonthe basisofopen,competitiveexamsandcreatedCivilServiceCommission  MeritSystem:Asystemofemploymentbasedonqualifications,testscores,andability,rather thanpartyloyalty  Civilservicesystem:Themeritsystembywhichmanyfederalbureaucrats areselected  Independent regulatorycommission:Anentitycreatedbycongressoutsideamajorexecutive department  Departments:Majoradministrativeunitwithresponsibilityforabroadareaofgovernment operations.Departmentalstatususuallyindicates apermanentnationalinterestinaparticular governmentalfunction,suchasdefense,commerce,oragriculture.  Independent executiveagencies:Governmentalunits thatcloselyresembleacabinetdepartment buthavenarrowerareasofresponsibilityandperform servicesratherthanregulatoryfunctions; ex NASAandtheEPA  GovernmentCorporations: CompaniescreatedbyCongresstoprovidetothepublicagoodor servicethatprivateenterprisecannotorwillnotprofitablyprovideEx.PostOffice  HatchAct:The1939acttoprohibitcivilservants fromtakingactivistrolesinpartisan campaigns.Prohibited federalemployees frommakingpoliticalcontributions,workingfora particularparty,orcampaigningforaparticularcandidate  Implementation:Process bywhichalaworpolicyis putintooperation  Irontriangles:Therelativelystablerelationships andpatternsofinteractionthatoccuramong agencies,interest groups,andcongressional committeesorsubcommittees  Issuenetworks: Largerandlooserconnectionofinterestgroups,committees,andagenciesina particularpolicyarea  Administrativeadjudication:Aquasi-judicialprocess inwhichabureaucraticagencysettles disputesbetweentwopartiesinamannersimilartothewaycourtsresolvedisputes  Foreignpolicy:Areaofpolicymakingthat hashowonecountrybuildsrelationshipswithothers tosafeguarditsnationalinterest  Defensepolicy:Areofpolicy-makingthatfocuses onthestrategiesthatacountryusestoprotect itselffromits enemies  Isolationism:TheforeignpolicycoursetheUnitedStatesfollowedthroughoutmostofitshistory wherebyittriedtostayout ofothernations’conflicts,particularlyEuropeanwars.  FarewellAddress:GeorgeWashi
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