Chapter 16 Treatment of Psychological Disorders Outline Notes

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Professor Stephen Killianski

TheElements of the TreatmentProcess Saturday,December 15, 2012 6:28PM • Treatments: how Many Types Are There? ○ Insight Therapies  Traditional "talk therapy" ○ Behavior Therapies  Based on the principles of learning  Instead of emphasizing personal insights, behavior therapists make direct efforts to alter problematic responses and maladaptive habits  Work on changing clients' overt behaviors ○ Biomedical Therapies  Involves interventions into a person's biological functioning  Drug therapy and electroconvulsive shock therapy • Therapists: Who Provides Professional Treatment ○ Clinical /Counseling Psychologists- specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders and everyday behavioral problems ○ Psychiatrists- physicians who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders InsightTherapies Saturday,December 15, 2012 6:35PM • Insight Therapies- involveverbal interactions intended to enhance clients' self-knowledge and thus promote healthful changes in personality and behavior • Psychoanalysis- insight therapy that emphasizes the recovery of unconscious conflicts, motives, and defenses through techniques such as free association and transference ○ Probing the Unconscious  Free Association- clients spontaneously express their thoughts and feelings exactly as they occur, with as little censorship as possible □ Patient may subconsciously be saying words that can be psychoanalyzed  DreamAnalysis- therapist interprets the symbolic mean
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